Modern India History GK Questions:Advent of Europeans-1

Previous Year Paper SSC Modern History Advent of Europeans-Part1


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Advent of Europeans-Part 1

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Advent of Europeans and commencement of Modern History of India.

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers &explanation in English on Advent of Europeans:Modern India History.

1.The first country which discovered sea route of India was?
A. Portugal
B. Dutch
C. French
D. Britain


Note: Vasco da Gama, Portuguese sailor, circled around the cape of Good Hope and landed at the Calicut in year 1498 was the first European to discover the sea route to India.

Gold, spices, and other riches were valuable in Europe. But they had to navigate long ways over sea and land to reach them in Asia. Europeans during this time were looking to find a faster way to reach India by sailing around Africa.

Vasco da Gama was best known for being the first to sail from Europe to India by rounding Africa's Cape of Good Hope. Over the course of two voyages, first in 1497 and second in 1502, Vasco da Gama landed and traded in places along the coast of southern Africa before reaching India on May 20, 1498.

2. When did the British make English the medium of instruction in India?
A. 1813
B. 1833
D. 1844


Note: English as a medium of instruction was introduced in India by the English Education Act, 1835.

The English Education Act 1835 was a legislative Act of the Council of India, gave effect to a decision in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company.It was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India in order to redistribute funds .

The current system of English Medium Education, was introduced and funded by the British in the 19th century, following recommendations by Thomas Babington Macaulay.

3. Which one of the following wars decided the fate of the French in India?
A. First Carnatic War
B. Battle of Buxar
C. Battle of Plassey
D. Battle of Wandiwash

Battle of Wandiwash

Note: The Battle of Wandiwash was a battle in India between the French and the British on 22 January 1760. The battle was part of the Third Carnatic War fought between the French and British colonial empires, which itself was a part of the global Seven Years' War. It took place at Vandavasi in Tamil Nadu.

The battle of Wandiwash was an attempt by the French to acquire the Fort of Vandavasi present in Tamil Nadu. This attempt was stopped by the British Forces under the command of British Lieutenant-General Sir Eyre Coote which led to the Battle of Wandiwash or Third Carnatic War.

The Seven Years' War (1756–1763) is widely considered to be the first global conflict in history, and was a struggle for world supremacy between Great Britain and France.

4. Which was the earliest settlement of the Dutch in India?
A. Masulipatnam
B. Pulicat
C. Surat
D. Ahmedabad


Note: Dutch presence of the Indian sub-continent lasted from 1605 to 1825. Merchants of the Dutch East India Company first established themselves in Dutch coromandel, notably Pulicat,as they were looking for textiles to exchange with the spices they traded in the East Indies.

Coromandel was a governorate of the Dutch East India Company on the Coromandel Coast between 1610 until the company's shutting down in 1798.

Dutch Suratte and Dutch Bengal were established in 1616 and 1627 respectively. They also took the Portuguese forts on the Malabar Coast in 1671 AD

Apart from textiles, the items traded in Dutch India include precious stones, indigo, and silk across the Indian Peninsula, saltpetre and opium in Dutch Bengal, and pepper in Dutch Malabar.

5. The Portuguese Governor who abolished Sati in Goa was?
A. Albuquerque
B. Cabral
C. Almeida
D. De Braganza


Note: Albuquerque, the Portuguese Governor, abolished Sati in Goa. The conquest of Goa from the Adilshahi Sultan of Bijapur was Albuquerque 's first achievement. The conquest of Goa put the seal on Portuguese naval supremacy along the South-West coast.

Afonso de Albuquerque (1509-15), the second governor of Portuguese, encouraged his country men to marry Indian women.. He maintained friendly relations with Vijayanagar. He created regular bodies of trained troops from among Indians.

6. The battle of Plassey was fought between?
A. East India Company and Shah Alam
B. East India Company and Siraj-ud-Daula.
C. East India Company and Anwar-ud-din
D. None of these

East India Company and Siraj-ud-Daula

Note: The beginnings of British political sway over India may be traced to the Battle of Plassey in 1757. It was the most decisive war that marked the initiation of British rule in India for the next 2 centuries.

The battle of Plassey took place between British East India Company and Nawabs of Bengal and his French Allies. The English forces under Robert Clive defeated Siraj-ud-daula, the Nawab of Bengal.

7. Portuguese navigator who succeed in crossing the cape of storms and renamed it as 'Cape of Good Hope' was?
A. Alfonso de Albuquerque
B. Bartholomew Diaz
C. Vasco da Gama
D. Francisco de Almeida

Vasco da Gama

Note: It was Vasco da Gama who managed to escape the cape of storms on his visit to India and renamed it as Cape of Good Hope.

8. Who discovered the sea route to India via the 'cape of Good hope'?
A. Vasco Da Gama
B. Columbus
C. Magellan
D. Henry the Navigator

Vasaco Da Gama

Note: Vasco Da Gama discovered India via the cape of Good Hope. His first voyage was in 1497 and the second one was in 1502.

When the Portuguese under the leadership of Vasco da Gama landed at Calicut (21st May, 1498) is a landmark in the History of India's maritime trade. He maintained friendly relations with Vijayanagara. He created regular bodies of trained troops from among Indians.

9. Which one of the following was the first English ship that came to India?
A. Elizabeth
B. Bengal
C. Red Dragon
D. Mayflower

Red Dragon

Note: Formed on 31st December, 1600, the East India Company's first voyage departed on 13th February, 1601. The first English ship which came to India was Red Dragon.

It was purchased from the East of Cumberland for 3700 pounds. The other vessels in the fleet were the Hector(300 tons).,Ascension (260 tons), Susan (240 tons) and the gift, a small victualler.

10. At which place in Bengal was the East India Company given permission to trade and build a factory by the Mughals in 1651?
A. Calcutta
B. Qasim Bazar
C. Singur
D. Burddwan

Qasim Bazar

Note: In Bengal, the first English factory was established at Hugli in 1651. The permission for establishment of the factory was given by Shah Shuja (23 June 1616 – 7 February 1661)who was the second son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. He was the governor of Bengal and Odisha and had his capital at Dhaka, in present day Bangladesh.

This was followed by other factories at Patna and Qasim Bazar. The correct answer of this question should be Hugli, but since the option is not given, the correct answer will be Qasim Bazar. Calcutta was established by Job Charnock, in late 17th century.

The Portuguese began to treat the Subedars of Bengal Badly. The Subedar of Bengal complained to the Mughal Emperor, Shahjahan about the behaviour of the Portuguese. The Emperor ordered to demolish Portugueses' fort at Hugli and to burn their ships. Thus the Portuguese rule came to end with the exception of the territories of Diu, Daman and Goa.

11. The credit of discovering the sea route of India goes to the?
A. French
B. Dutch
C. Portuguese
D. English


Note: Vasco da Gama from Lisbon, discovered a new sea route from Europe to Asia via Cape of Good Hope. He was helped by Gujarati Navigator Ibn Majid.

He landed at Calicut on 21st May, 1498, Calicut, then under the Zamorins, enjoyed a high degree of prosperity.

Vasco Da Gama returned to Portugal in 1499. The arrival of Pedro Alvarez Cabral in 1500 and 1502 led to establishment of Portuguese trading stations at Calicut, Cannanore and Cochin.

12. Which place among the following was the headquarters of the Portuguese in India?
A. Cochin
B. Goa
C. Calicut
D. Cannanore


Note: Alfonso de Albuquerque, was the second Portuguese Governor of India, who built up a great territorial power in India.

The establishment of the Headquarters of the Portuguese power at a central port on the West Coast of India was one of the main aim of Albuquerque.

The Southern province, also known simply as Goa, was the headquarters of Portuguese India and seat of the Portuguese viceroy who governed the Portuguese possessions in Asia.

13. Name the important French possession in India.?
A. Goa
B. Pondicherry
C. Daman
D. Cochin


Note: Compagnie des Indes Orientales popularly known as the French East India Company was formed by Colbert under state patronage in AD 1664. In AD 1667, an expedition was sent under Francois Caron, who established the first French Factory at Surat.

The French East India Company set-up a trading centre at Pondicherry in 1674.This outpost eventually became the Chief French settlement in India. The French acquired Mahe in the 1720s, Yanam in 1731 and Karaaikal in 1738.

14. Who was the first Governor General of Bengal?
A. Robert Clive
B. Warren Hastings
C. William Bentick
D. Cornwallis

Warren Hastings

Note: Warren Hastings was appointed the first Governor General of Bengal in 1773. He was the first Governor General of India from 1773 to 1785. In 1787, he was accused of corruption and impeached, but was acquitted in 1795.

He was made a Privy Councillor in 1814.

Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians who are current or former members of either the House of Commons or the House of Lords.

15. Where the traces of Portuguese culture found in India?
A. Goa
B. Calicut
C. Cannanore
D. Cochin


Note: Goa has the largest traces of the culture of the Portuguese. It has remained a former colony of Portuguese. They even formed the Estaldo da India Portuguese in India of which Goa happened to be the largest territory.

Portuguese India, Portuguese Estado da India, name once used for those parts of India which were under Portuguese rule from 1505 to December 1961.


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