GK Questions on Battle of Karnal

GK Questions on Battle of Karnal between Nadir Shah and Mohammad Shah


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Important previous year paper ssc gk questions with answers in English  on Battle of Karnal faught between Nadir Shah and mughal emperor Mohammad Shah

Important previous year paper ssc gk questions with answers in English on Battle of Karnal faught between Nadir Shah and mughal emperor Mohammad Shah.

Q. The Battle of Karnal was fought between?
A. Nadir Shah and Mohammad Shah
B. The Marathas and the Mughals
C. Nadir Shah and Humayun
D. The Marathas and the Rajputs

Nadir Shah and Mohammad Shah

Note: The Battle of Karnal Was Fought Between the Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah also known as 'Rangeela' And Nader Shah on February 24, 1739.The Battle of Karnal (24 February 1739), was a decisive victory for Nader Shah, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty of Iran, during his invasion of India.

Battle of Karnal – Background History

1.Nader Shah was the emperor of the Persian Empire. He belonged to the Afsharid dynasty. He was an ingenious military man who created a large empire out of his sheer methods and outstanding army reformations.

2. During its zenith, Shah’s empire stretched from the Black Sea to the Persian Gulf and covered the modern-day countries of Georgia, Oman, Armenia, Pakistan, and many others.

3. He was constantly engaged in battles with the military commanders in Afghanistan. Many of them who have been defeated by Shah had taken asylum inside the border regions with the Mughal Empire. Shah had requested the governors of northern India under the Mughals to surrender the escaped Afghan commanders to him. This was fully ignored by the Mughals and Shah used this as a false excuse to go to warfare.

4. At that time, the Mughal Emperor was Muhammad Shah. His reign noticed a fast decline of the once very powerful Mughal Empire.

5. Nader Shah, along with his army, entered the Mughal territory from Kandahar. The frontier governors resisted the Persian attack in brief but had been routed by the invading navy.

6. On November 16, 1739, Shah led his army out of Peshawar and toward Punjab’s Sindh River. Lahore’s governor tried to resist however surrendered before the stronger force. He secured his position as the ruler of Lahore by giving Shah Rs.2 million.

7. Upon hearing of the advancing Persian army, Muhammad Shah lead his army out of Delhi in order to stop the invading army and prevent them entering into his capital. He led a huge army of approximately 300000 men along with about 2000 elephants and 3000 weapons.

In the course of the Battle of Karnal

1. Nader Shah’s navy turned into much less than one-fifth the size of his enemy’s. But, it was well equipped, trained and warfare-ready military of the two.

2. Nader Shah noticed to it that his military had modern weaponry and lighter arms. His cannons and weapons had been more easy to handle than the Mughal navy’s outdated weapons. The Persian military additionally had zamburaks (cannons set up on camels) which provided smooth mobility to heavy guns.

 The Persian military was composed of uniformly drilled army from the Persian nation and also from the areas which had been conquered by Nader Shah. The Mughal army, despite the fact that huge, turned into composed of different small organized groups and there was no unity in them.

3. The Mughal army reached Karnal, about a 120 km north of Delhi (within the modern Indian state of Haryana). On 24 February, the 2 forces met in Karnal for battle.

4. Using a mixture of surveillance and intelligence strategies, and also the use of his smart army approaches, Nader Shah’s smaller force defeated the Mughal army in a day's battle. His forces caused large amount of destruction among the unfortunate Mughal armies. Many of Mughal's high-rating officials have been both killed or taken prisoner.

The After-Effects of the Battle of Karnal

1. About 400 Mughal officers and probably 20 – 30 thousand army men had been killed in the battle. Muhammad Shah surrendered and he had to take Nader Shah to his capital, Delhi. There the complete treasury of the Mughal emperor plundered by the Persians.

2. The Persian armies first of all did no longer loot the city of Delhi because of a violent commotion involving a few people, Nader Shah ordered to plunder Delhi. His army indulged in the brutal murder of the inhabitants. People have been killed in their houses and their wealth were plundered.

 Approximately 30000 people are believed to had been killed. The brutalities had been so severe that many people killed themselves and their family as opposed to surrender to the Persian army. The city was spread with corpses according to some resources.

3. The looting of Delhi lasted for several days after which Nader Shah ordered his army to stop.

4. Nader Shah and his army left the city in May 1739. Muhammad Shah was retained the emperor of the Mughal Empire. But his treasury was changed to almost emptied. Nader Shah’s plunder included the famous Peacock Throne, the Koh-I-Noor and the Darya-ye-Noor diamonds.

5. All Mughal land west of the Indus have been surrendered to Nader Shah. The withdrawing Persian military also took with them hundreds of horses, camels and elephants.

6. Nader Shah’s devastating invasion weakened the already declining Mughal Empire. More importantly, it exposed the Mughal Empire’s flaws and vulnerabilities and alerted the British East India Company to an opportunity of expanding its horizons.

7. As a end result of the defeat of the Mughal Empire at Karnal, the already declining Mughal dynasty changed into seriously weakened to such an extent to speed up its destruction.

 According to historian Michael George Andrew Axworthy, it is also possible that without the ruinous effects of Nader’s invasion of India, European colonial takeover of the Indian subcontinent could have come in a unique shape or perhaps under no circumstances, basically changing the history of the Indian subcontinent.

Other Battles held in Karnal are:

1.First Battle of Tarain in 1191 AD. In this battle, Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Muhammad Ghori.

2.Second Battle of Tarain in 1192 AD. In this battle, Muhammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan.

3.Third Battle of Tarain in 1216 AD. In this the Mamluk king Iltutmish of the Delhi Sultanate defeated and captured the former Ghurid general Taj al-Din Yildiz.

*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on Medieval History of India.

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