Indian History:Buddhism-Jainism-Part1

Buddhism-Jainism previous year paper gk questions with Answers in English-Part1

 

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   Buddhism and Jainism-Part1

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Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History:Buddhism and Jainism.

1.Lord Buddha gave his first sermon at?
A. Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh
B. Nalanda in Bihar
C. Bodhgaya in Bihar
D. None of these

Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh

Note: After achieving enlightenment, Lord Buddha gave his first sermon at the Deer park in Sarnath in Uttarpradesh.



2.The caves of Ajanta and Ellora belongs to ?
A. Jains
B. Buddhists
C. Sikhs
D. Hindus

Buddhists



3. What is the first sermon of Buddha called as?
 A.Kachchayanagottasutta
B.Dharmachakraparivartan
C.Brahmajalasutta
D.Mahaparinirvansutta

Dharmachakraparivartan

Note: Meaning of Dharmachakraparivartan is ' turning the wheel of law'. It was given on the full-Moon day of Asalha Puja(Asalha Puja is a Theravada Buddhist Festival).

4.The early Buddhist scriptures were composed in?
A.      Pictographical texts
B.      Sanskrit texts
C.      Pali texts
D.     
Prakrit texts

Pali texts

Note:The Pali texts are the oldest collection of Buddhist scriptures preserved in the language, in which they were originally written.



5.Identify the Buddhist literature from the following?
  A. Tripitakas
  B. Angas
  C. Aranyakas
  D.Upanishads

Tripitaka

Note: A Tripataka, traditionally contains three 'baskets' of teachings: a Sutta Pitaka, a Vinaya Pitaka, and an Abhidhamma Pitaka. Tripataka is the three main categories of texts that make up the Buddhist canon.

canon:-a collection or list of sacred books accepted as genuine.



6. Which one of the following was the last Buddhist text produced in India?
A. Divya Vandana
B. Dohakosa
C. Vajrachedika
D.Vamsathapakasini

Vamsathapakasini

Note: Vamsathapakasini text gives us information about the origin of the Mauryas. It is among the last Buddhist text written in India

Mahavamsa, Dipavamsa, Kulavamsaand, Vamsathapakasini are Buddhist Chronicles of Ceylon which are written in Pali.

Mahavamsa mentions that Ashoka’schildren Mahendra and Sanghamitra introduced and propagated Buddhism in Sri Lanka.



7.Name the place where Buddha attained enlightenment?
A.Sarnath
B.Rajgriha
C.Kapilavastu
D.Boghgaya

Boghgaya

Note: Boghgaya, is a religious site and place of pilgrimage at Gaya district in Bihar.

8.Which of the following is not the 'Triratna' of Jainism?
A.Right Faith.
B.Right Knowledge
C.Right view
D.Right Conduct.

Right view

Note: In Jainism, the 3 jewels are:

1.Samyagdarshana=Right faith

2.Samyagjnana=Right Knowledge

Samyakcharitra=Right Conduct

In Jainism, all the three required for spiritual liberation.

9.The Greek ambassador sent to Chandragupta Maurya's Court was ?
A. Kautilya
B. Justin
C. Selucus Nicator
D. Megasthenes

Megasthenes

Note: Megasthenes was a Greek explorer in the Hellenistic period, author of the book Indica. He was born in Asia.

10.Who was the mother of Mahavira?
A. Yashoda
B. Trishala
C. Jameli
D. Mahamaya

Trishala

Note: Trishala is mentioned in the classical Jain Agamas, the Kalpa Sutra, written by Acharya Bhadrabahu which is primarily a biography of the Tirthankaras.

Agamas:-The term is used to identify a part of the collection of scriptures in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism that contain information on spiritual philosophy and practices

11. Where did Lord Buddha take his last breath ?
A. Bodhgaya
B. Sarnath
C. Kushinagar
D.Varnasi

Kushinagar

Note: Kushinagar was the capital of Mallas and the place where Buddha died.

Buddha's final words are:" All composite things are perishable. strive for your own liberation with diligence"

12. The monk who influenced Ashoka to embrace Buddhism was?
 A.Upagupta
B.Vishnugupta
C.Brahma Gupta
D.Brihadratha

Upagupta

Note: Upagupta was the spiritual teacher of Ashoka. Upagupta's teacher was Sanavasi who was a disciple of Ananda, the Buddha's attendant.

13. Name the clan Buddha belonged to?
A. Gnathrika
B. Maurya
C. Shakya
D.Kuru

Shakya

Note:Shakya was an ancient tribe.In Buddhist texts, the Shakyas, the inhabitants of Shakya Janapada are mentioned as a Kshatriya clan. The most famous Shakya was Gautama Buddha, a member of the ruling Gautama Budhha, a member of the ruling Gautama clan of Lumbini, who is also known as Shakyamuni Buddha.

14. Buddhism made an important impact by allowing two sections of society into its fold. They were?
 A.Merchants and Priests
B.Moneylenders and slaves
C.Women and sudras
D.warriors and traders

Women and sudras

Note: Buddha was against caste system. His religion was open to all.The Buddhist scriptures were available to all men and women.

Buddhism encouraged abolition of distinctions in society and strengthened the principle of social equality.

15. 'Bull'in Buddhism is associated with which event of Buddha's life ?
A. Birth
B. Enlightenment
C. Mahaparinirvanam
D.Great Departure

Birth

Note: The great events in the life of Budhha are represented by symbols.

Birth by Lotus and Bull

Great renunciation by Horse.

Nirvana by Bodhi tree

First sermon by Dharmachakra

Parinirvana or death by the Stupa.


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