Indian History:Buddhism-Jainism-Part3

Buddhism-Jainism previous year paper gk questions with Answers in English-Part3


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       Buddhism and Jainism-Part3

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Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History:Buddhism and Jainism.

1.Which ruler founded the famous Vikramshila University for the Buddhists ?A. Mahipala


Note: The Vikramshila university was one of the most important centres of Buddhist learning in India, along with Nalanda University.

It was established by king Dharmapala in response to the supposed decline in the quality of scholarship at Nalanda University .

2.The greatest Kushan leader who got converted to Buddhism was?
A. Kujala
C. Vima


Note:Images of Buddha which are based on 32 physical signs, were made during Kanishka's reign.He encouraged both the Gandhara school of Greco-Buddhist Art and the Mathura School of Hindu art. .

3. Dilwara temple at Mount Abu in Rajasthan was built by the followers of?


The Jain Dilwara temples which are located at Mount Abu were built by the Chalukya dynasty between the  11th and 13th centuries AD. The five legendary marble temples of Dilwara are a sacred pilgrimage place of Jains.

4.What inspired the paintings of Ajanta?

A.      Compassionate Buddha
B.      Mahabharata encounters
C.      Radha-Krishna Leela
D.      Jain tirthankaras

Compassionate Buddha

Note:The Ajanta caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra are rock-cut cave monuments. These caves include paintings and sculptures considered to be masterpieces of Buddhist religious art as well as frescos, which are reminiscent of the Sigiriya paintings in Sri Lanka.

The Ajanta cave paintings depict the life of Gautama Buddha.

5.Mahavir was born in a Kshatriya clan by the name of?

  A. Shakya
  B. Mallas
  C. Licchavis


Note: Mahavir's father was the chief of Jnatrika clan. His tribal affiliation is reflected in one of his later epithets, Nigantha Nataputta, which means literally 'the naked ascetic of the Jnatrika clan'.

6.Where was the order of nuns established by Gautama Buddha?
A. Vaishali
B. Pataliputra
C. Rajgriha



Note: The order of Buddhist monks and nuns was founded by Gautama Buddha during his lifetime over 2500 years ago. Buddha instituted a community of nuns in Vaishali at the request of his aunt Mahaprajapati.

Gautama Buddha first ordained women as nuns five years after his enlightenment and five years after first ordaining men into the sangha. The first Buddhist nun was his aunt and foster mother Mahapajapati Gotami.

7.Buddha gave his first religious message at?
A. Sarnath.
B. Gaya
C. Pataliputra.
D. Rajagriha


Note: The Deer park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha first taught dharma and where the Buddhists Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna.

Kondanna was a Buddhist bhikkhu(monk) in the sangha of the Buddha and the first to become an arahant(Arahant comes from the Pali word arahati meaning ‘worthy’ or ‘noble’ and is a title given to someone who has attained enlightenment as a result of listening to and practising the teachings of a Buddha).

Kondanna lived during 6th century BCE in what is now Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India

8.The second Buddhist council was held during the reign of?
A. Ajatashatru
B. Ashoka
C. Kalashoka
D. Kanishka


Note: The first Buddhist council(400 BC) held just after Buddha's Parinirvana, and presided over by Mahakashyapa, one of His most senior disciples, at a cave near Rajagriha (today's Rajgir) with the support of king Ajathasatru.

The second Buddhist council(383 BC) was held at Vaishali,under the patronage of Kalasoka and was presided over by Sabakami.

Third Buddhist Council(250 BC)was held at Pataliputra in the Magadha empire under the patronage of Emperor Ashoka and was presided over by Moggaliputta Tissa.

Fourth Buddhist Council(72 AD)was held in Kashmir under the patronage of Emperor Kanishka and was presided over by Vasumitra and Asvaghosha.

9.Where did Mahasanghika school arise?
A. Bodh gaya


Note: The Mahasanghika was one of the early Buddhist schools.The original center of the Mahasanghika sect was in Magadha.Most sources place the origin of the Mahasanghikas to the Second Buddhist council.

Mahasanghika-an adherent of an early Buddhist sect from which Mahayana Buddhism developed.

10.When was the Second Jain council?
A. Ajanta


Note:First Jain council held at Pataliputra in the 3rd century BC presided by Sthulabahu.

Second Jain Council held at Vallabhi in Gujarat in 512 AD presided by Devardhigani.12 Angas were compiled here.


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