Daily Online General Knowledge quiz in English Part1

Daily general knowledge quiz, gk questions with Answers in English-Part 1

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General Knowledge Quiz-Part 1

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1.Doctrine of basic structure of constitution was first given in which case?
A. Golak Nath Case
B. Keshawanand bharti case
C.Mineral Mills case
D. Indira Sahani case

Keshawanand bharti case

Explanation: Kesavananda Bharati Sripadagalvaru  v. the State of Kerala (Writ Petition (Civil) 135 of 1970), also known as the Kesavananda Bharati judgement, is a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of India that outlined the basic structure doctrine of the Indian Constitution.

Kesavananda Bharati challenged the Kerala land reforms legislation in 1970,which imposed restrictions on the management of religious property.

The case was challenged under Article 26, concerning the right to manage religiously owned property without government interference.A13-judge Bench was set up by the Supreme Court, the biggest so far, to hear the case.

The Kesavananda judgment also defined the extent to which Parliament could restrict property rights, in pursuit of land reform and the redistribution of large landholdings to cultivators, overruling previous decisions that suggested that the right to property could not be restricted.

The case was a culmination of a series of cases relating to limitations to the power to amend the Constitution.

Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala (1973) is a significant and the most renowned case in the history of our country whereby a judgment was delivered to protect the democracy of India, and its popularity is because of the fact that it led to a set- up of a largest 13 Judge Bench to hear the case in Indian history.

Overruling-reject or disallow by exercising one's superior authority

2. Which of the following biosphere reserves was first established by the government of India
A. Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve
B. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
C. Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
D. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Explanation: The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is a biosphere reserve in the Nilgiri mountains of the Western Ghats in South India. It is the largest protected forest area in India, spreading across Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.

The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986.

It is located in the Western Ghats and includes 2 of the 10 biogeographical provinces of India. Wide ranges of ecosystems and species diversity are found in this region. Thus, it was a natural choice for the premier biosphere reserve of the country.

3. Which river flows through Karnataka and Tamilnadu?
A. Krishna
B. Godavari
C. Kaveri
D. Periyar


Explanation: Kaveri River is sacred river of southern India. It rises on Brahmagiri Hill of the Western Ghats in southwestern Karnataka state, flows through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

It is the basic water source for irrigation, agriculture, domestic use, and electricity generation in the two states. The river extends to 800 kilometres forming a delta before it falls to the Bay of Bengal.

4. Merchant discount rate refers to?
A. The total discount a bank offers to the merchant for promoting online transactions.
B. The total discount a merchant offers on online transactions
C. The rate charged to a merchant for payment processing services on debit and credit card transactions.
Only taxes that a digital payment entails.

The rate charged to a merchant for payment processing services on debit and credit card transactions

Explanation: The merchant discount rate, or MDR, is the rate charged to a merchant for the payment processing of debit and credit card transactions. The service is set up by the merchant, and they must agree or commit to the rate before accepting and/or authorizing debit or credit cards.

The merchant discount rate is a fee that merchants must consider when managing the overall costs of their business.

Most retailers will expect to pay a fee of 1% to 3% for each transaction's payment processing. Usually, local merchants and e-commerce vendors will have different fees and service-level agreements.

5.The kingdom described by Kalhan in “Rajatarangini” is
A. Magadh
B. Koshal
C. Kashmir
D. Gandhar


Explanation: Rajatarangini (literally “River of Kings”) is a metrical legendary and historical chronicle that cover a huge time period and largely deal with the history of the Hindu kings of Kashmir and the north-west part of the Indian subcontinent.

It was written in Sanskrit by Kashmiri historian Kalhana in the 12th century CE. The work consists of 7826 verses, which are divided into eight books called Tarangas ("waves").

6. Which of the following country is known as the “Cockpit of Europe”?
B. Belgium
C. Belarus.
D. Denmark


Explanation: Belgium is one of the largest European county. Belgium is also called the Cockpit of Europe since it has been the site of more European battles than any other country in Europe. In history lots of European powers fought with each other for the supremacy of this area, for this reason Belgium is known as Cockpit of Europe

It was an easy route for the French to attack Germany, Germany to attack France, Spain to attack the Netherlands.

Belgium Capital: Brussels

Belgium Currency: Euro

Belgium National Game: Cycling

7.When was Din-I-Ilahi established?


Explanation: The Din-i-Ilahi, known during its time as Tawḥid-i-Ilahi or Divine Faith, was a religious movement or spiritual leadership program propounded by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1582.

The aim was to merge Islam and Hinduism into one faith and but also to add aspects of Christianity, Zoroastrianism and Jainism.

It was not a successful movement as the successors were not as liberal and tolerant as Akbar and therefore they did not promote it. Also, the more orthodox Muslims were not ready to accept other religious practices.

8.To which of the following Indian states does Mardani Khel, one of he famous martial art forms in India belong?
A. Uttar Pradesh


Explanation: Mardani khel is an armed Indian martial art from Maharashtra. It is particularly known for its use of the uniquely Indian patta (sword) and vita (corded lance).

It owes its development to the geographic conditions of the state, i.e.hills, caves and valleys. This medieval form of combat emerged during the Maratha dynasty, and was also employed in wars during the religious persecution and conquest of indigenous Indians.

The use of weapons such as swords, katyar (dagger), lathi-kathi (bamboo sticks), veeta (darts), bhala (javelin), dand and patta (long-bladed swords) continued but the moves were made more stylised and less lethal.

Persecution-hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs; oppression.

conquest-the act or process of conquering.

9.Platelets are formed in_______
A. Bone Marrow
B. Spleen
C. Liver
D. Kidney

Bone marrow

Explanation: Bone marrow is a spongy substance found in the centre of the bones. It manufactures bone marrow stem cells and other substances, which in turn produce blood cells. Each type of blood cell made by the bone marrow has an important job. Red blood cells carry oxygen to tissues in the body.

Bone marrow is soft, gelatinous tissue that fills the medullary cavities, or the centres of bones. The two types of bone marrow are red bone marrow, known as myeloid tissue, and yellow bone marrow, known as fatty tissue.

10. In which of the following river originate from Tibet ?
A. Godavari
B. Mahanadi
C. Brahmaputra
D. Sone


Explanation:The Brahmaputra, also known as the Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet, China, the Siang/Dihang River in Arunachal Pradesh, and Luit, Dilao in Assam, is a trans-boundary river which flows through Tibet, India, and Bangladesh. It is the 9th largest river in the world by discharge, and the 15th longest.

The Brahmaputra basin spreads over countries of Tibet (China), Bhutan, India and Bangladesh having a total area of 5,80,000 Sq.km. In India, it spreads over states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Sikkim

11. The asteroids revolve around the sun in between which planets?
A. Earth and Mars
B. Mars and Jupiter
C. Jupiter and Saturn
D. Saturn and Uranus

Mars and Jupiter

Explanation:The asteroid belt in the Solar Sytem is between the orbits of planets Mars and Jupiter. It is located about 2.2 to 3.2 Astronomical Units (AU) from the Sun in which many small bodies orbit the sun.

Asteroids, sometimes called minor planets, are rocky remnants left over from the early formation of our solar system about 4.6 billion years ago.

12.Mahatma Gandhi was referred to as the "Father of the Nation” first by?
A. Jawaharlal Nehru
B. Vallabhbhai Patel
C. C Rajagopalachari
D. Subhashchandra Bose

Subhashchandra Bose

Explanation: Subhashchandra Bose popularly known by the name of 'Netaji' (Respected Leader).He founded Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to overthrow British Empire from India and came to acquire legendary status among Indian masses.

Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa.

13.Board of directors for Commerce and Board of Controller for Political affairs were created by?
A. Pitt’s India Act of 1777
B. Pitt’s India Act of 1784
C. India Act of 1794
D. Charter Act of 1793

Pitt’s India Act of 1784

Explanation: Pitt’s India Act 1784 or the East India Company Act 1784 was passed in the British Parliament to correct the shortcomings of the Regulating Act 1773. It resulted in dual control or joint government in India by Crown in Great Britain and the British East India Company, with crown having ultimate authority. This act continued in effect until 1858.

Only the Company's public affairs and administration in India were subjected to increased government monitoring. The Board of Control was formed to help the same. The Secretary of State was appointed as the Board of Control's President.

In this dual system of control, the Company was represented by the Court of Directors, and the British government was represented by the Board of Control.

14. Kapaleeshwar temple in Tamilnadu is dedicated to which Indian God?
A. Vishnu
B. Durga
C. Brahma
D. Shiva


Explanation: Kapaleeshwarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to lord Shiva located in Mylapore, Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Kapaleeswarar is a combination of two words Kapalam which means head and eswarar which means Lord Shiva.

Initially the temple was built in the 7th century CE by the Pallavas and after its demolition by the Portuguese in 1566 A.D,the Vijayanagara kings reconstructed the temple in the Dravidian style of architecture.

15.In which year was the battle of Saragarhi fought?
A. 1880


Explanation: The Battle of Saragarhi was a last-stand battle fought between two sub-nationalities of the subcontinent – the Sikhs, who were in the service of the British, and the Pashtuns, who were fighting for their freedom.




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