Indian History gk questions:Medieval Period-Part 8

Previous Year Paper SSC Medieval History gk Questions with answers-Part8

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History on Medieval Period of India.

 

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Medieval History-Part 8

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106. The Delhi Sultan who fell to his death while playing Polo was?
A. Qutb-ud-din Aibak
B. Ala-ud-din Khilji
C. Feroz Shah Tughlaq
D. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq

Qutb-ud-din Aibak



Note: Qutb-ud-din Aibak was the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the slave dynasty of India. He ruled for only 4 years, from 1206 to AD 1210. He died while playing Chaugan (Polo) at Lahore.

107. The Second Battle of Panipat was fought between?
A. Akbar and Hemu
B. Rajputs and Mughals
C. Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi
D. Sikander and Adilshah

Akbar and Hemu



Note: The Second Battle of Panipat was fought between the forces of Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, popularly called Hemu, the Hindu king who was ruling North India from Delhi and the army of Akbar, on 5th November, 1556.

It was a decisive victory for Akbar's generals Khan Zaman I and Bairam Khan.

108. The Sikh Guru who wrote 'Zafar Namah' in Persian was?
A. Guru Har Rai
B. Guru Har Krishan
C. Guru Gobind Singh
D. Guru Tegbahadur

Guru Gobind Singh



Note: Known as the Letter of Victory, Zafarnama was written in Persian by Guru Gobind Singh as a letter of defiance and delivered to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707. It was composed by Guru Gobind Singh in one of the darkest times for the Sikhs.

Guru Gobind Singh had lost his four sons, while most of the Sikhs had either been scattered or killed on the battlefield. The letter praises God and then outlines the bloody battle of Chamkaur and the treachery of Aurangzeb and the Mughals who broke their oath not to attack the Sikhs.

109. Which Khilji ruler killed his father-in law to ascend the throne of Delhi?
A. Qutb-ud-din Aibak
B. Jalal-ud-din Khilji
C. Ghiyas-ud-din
D. Ala-ud-din-Khilji

Ala-ud-din-Khilji



Note: Jalal-ud-din Khalji was the first Khilji ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. He was killed by his cruel nephew and son-in-law Ala-ud-din Khilji when he arrived to have dinner with him.

Ala-ud-din Khilji proclaimed that kingship knows no kinship. He introduced the first permanent standing army of medieval India.

110. Krishnadevaraya maintained friendly relations with the?
A. French
B. British
C. Portuguese
D. Dutch

Portuguese



Note: Krishnadevaraya established friendly relations with the Portuguese, who set-up the Portuguese Dominion of India in Goa in 1510.

The emperor obtained guns and Arabian horses from the Portuguese merchants. He also utilised Portuguese expertise in improving water supply to Vijayanagara city.

He maintained friendly relations with Albuquerque the Portuguese Governor. He gave him permission to built a fort at Bhatkal. He built the Vijaya Mahal and expanded the Hazara Rama temple and Vithal Swami temple.

111. 'Quwwat-ul-Islam' Mosque was built by?
A. Qutub-ud-din Aibak
B. Ala-ud-din Khilji
C. Iltumish
D. Mohammad Adilshah

Qutub-ud-din Aibak



Note: Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque was built by Qutub-ud-din Aibak, founder of the Slave dynasty. It was the first mosque built in Delhi after the Islamic conquest of India and the oldest surviving example of Ghuridas architecture in Indian sub continent.

112. The Guerilla warfare was pioneered by?
A. Aurangzeb
B. Akbar
C. Shivaji
D. Balaji Rao

Shivaji



Note: One of the earliest examples of Guerrilla warfare, is Shivaji, the Maratha king. He fought several battles in which he used Guerrilla tactics to overcome superior forces.

He innovated rules of military engagement, pioneering the 'Shiva sutra' or Ganimi Kava (Guerilla tactics), which leveraged strategic factors like geography, speed, surprise and focused pinpoint attacks to defeat his larger and more powerful enemies.

113. The city of Dhillika (Delhi) was founded by?
A. Chauhans
B. Tomars
C. Pawars
D. Pratiharas

Tomars



Note: Dhillika is the ancient name for the city of Delhi. It was believed to be the capital of Pandavas and later Dhilli was founded by Tomars in AD 736.

114. The greatness of Sher Shah lies in his?
A. victories against Humayun
B. superior generalship
C. administrative reforms
D. religious tolerance

Administrative reforms



Note: Sher Shah is regarded as one of the greatest figures in Indian History, chiefly on account of his administrative reforms. He was the first Muslim ruler of India who displayed a real aptitude for Civil Government.

His short rule was marked by many beneficent reforms in every branch of administration.

For administrative convenience Sher Shah divided his whole empire into 47 divisions called Sarkars. Civil cases of Pargana were heard by Amir and criminal cases by Qazi or Mir-i-Adal and Muqqadams to chase and arrest the culprits.

115.The Bahmani kingdom was founded by?
A. Aladudin Hassan
B. Mahmud Gavan
C. Ahmed Shah I
D. Firoz Shah Bahmani

Aladudin Hassan



Note: The Bahmani sultanate was founded on 3rd August, 1347 by Governor Aluddin Hassan Bahman Shah whose original name was Zafar Khan, a Persian (Tajik) descent from Badakhshan, who revolted against the Sultan of Delhi, Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq.

Nasiruddin Ismail Shah (Ismail Mukh, whom the rebel amirs of the Deccan placed on the throne of Daulatabad in 1345) who had revolted against the Delhi Sultanate stepped down on that day in favour of Zafar Khan who ascended the throne with the title of Alauddin Bahman Shah.

His revolt was successful and he established an independent state on the Deccan within the Delhi Sultanate's Southern provinces.

Aluddin Hassan Bahman Shah ruled Bahmani sultanate with his capital at Gulbarga (Hasanabad) and all his coins were minted at Hasanabad

116. Where did Aurangzeb die?
A. Ahmednagar
B. Aurangabad
C. Allahabad
D. Lahore

Aurangabad



Note: Aurangzeb, the last great Mughal emperor, who sent the later years of his reign, 1681-1707, in the Deccan, died at Khuldabad near Aurangabad in 1707 and a small monument marks the site.

117. Which among the following was the capital of Shivaji?
A. Poona
B. Raigarh
C. Singhgarh
D. Panhala

Raigarh



Note: Shivaji created an independent Maratha kingdom with Raigarh as the capital and was crowned Chhatrapati of the Marathas in 1674.

Raigarh is a hill fortress situated in the modern day near Mahad, Raigarh district of Maharashtra.

118.The Mr. Bakshi of the Mughal emperors was the head of?
A. intelligence
B. Foreign affairs
C. Army organisation
D. finance

Army organisation



Note: During the Mughal rule, the Mr.Bakshi headed military department, nobility, Information and intelligence agencies.

In provisional administration, the Bakshi was the Head of Military Department . Diwan used to be responsible for all income and expenditure and had control over Khalisa and Jagir land.


References

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14.Ncert Medieval India Class 11 (History Textbook)

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