Indian History gk questions:Medieval Period-Part three

Previous Year Paper SSC Medieval History gk Questions with answers-Part3-gkgoals.com

 

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Medieval History-Part3

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Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History:Medieval Period of India.

31. Identify the European power from whom Shivaji obtained cannons and ammunition?
A. The French
B. The Portuguese
C. The Dutch
D. The English

The Portuguese



Note: Shivaji obtained the cannons and ammunitions from the Portuguese to attack the English forces. Shivaji also built a strong Navy as well. His fleet was equipped with ghurahs (gunboats) and gallinats. He established 2 squadrons of 200 vessels each. Shivaji used his naval power to harass both the indigenous and European powers.

32. Coronation of Shivaji took place in?
A. AD 1627
B. AD 1674
C.AD 1680
D. AD 1670

AD 1674



Note: In 1674, Shivaji arranged his grand coronation according to the Vedic rites at his capital Raigarh. On this occasion he announced the formation of his sovereign state. He also introduced a new era of his own, dating from his coronation.

33. Khalsa Panth was created by Guru Gobind Singh in which year?
A. 1599
B. 1707
C.1699
D. 1657

1699



Note: Guru Gobind Singh was executed on Mughal orders, son of Guru Tegh Bahadur baptised the Sikhs and created Khalsa in 1699. He instructed the Sikhs to keep five Ks and also compiled the 1428 page Dasam Granth Sahib.

In Sikhism, the Five Ks are five items that Guru Gobind Singh, in 1699, commanded Khalsa Sikhs to wear at all times. They are: kesh (outgrown hair and beard), kangha (a wooden comb for the hair), kara (an iron bracelet), kachera (a 100% cotton tieable undergarment, must not be elastic), and kirpan (an iron dagger large enough to defend oneself with).

The Five Ks are not just symbols, but articles of faith that collectively form the external identity and the Khalsa devotee's commitment to the Sikh rehni, 'Sikh way of life'. A Sikh who has taken Amrit and keeps all five Ks are known as Khalsa ('pure') or Amritdhari Sikh ('Amrit Sanskar participant'), while a Sikh who has not taken Amrit but follows the teachings of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is called a Sahajdhari Sikh.

Amrit Sanchar ("nectar ceremony"; also called Amrit sanskar, Amrit Parchar, or Khande di Pahul) is one of the four sikh Sanskaars. The Amrit Sanskar is the initiation rite introduced by Guru Gobind Singh when he founded the Khalsa in 1699.A Sikh who has been initiated into the Khalsa ('pure'; the Sikh brotherhood) is considered to be Amritdhari (Baptised) (litteraly, 'amrit taker') or Khalsa ('pure'). Those who undergo initiation are expected to dedicate themselves to Waheguru (Almighty God) and work toward the establishment of the Khalsa Raj.

34. The sultans of which dynasty ruled for the longest time?
A. Khilji dynasty
B. Tughlaq dynasty
C. Slave dynasty
D. Lodhi dynasty

Tughlaq dynasty



Note: Tughlaq dynasty ruled from 1320 to 1414, so they had the longest span in the history of Delhi Sultanate. Almost all the dynasties were of Turkish and Afghan origin. The sultanates ruled from Delhi between 1206 and 1526, when the last was replaced by the Mughal dynasty.

The five dynasties were:

  • the Mamluk dynasty (1206-90)
  • the Khilji dynasty(1290-1320)
  • The Tughlaq dynasty(1320-1414)
  • the Sayyid dynasty (1414-51)
  • the Lodhi dynasty(1451-1526)

35. Qutab Minar, as we find at present, was finally re-built by?
A. Balban
B. Alauddin Khilji
C. Sikander Lodhi
D. Firoz Tughlaq

Firoz Tughlaq



Note: During the rule of Firoz shah Tughlaq, the minar's two top floors were damaged due to lightning but were repaired by Firoz Shah.

In the year 1505, an earthquake struck and it was repaired by Sikander Lodhi. The floors built by Firoz Shah can be distinguished easily as the pavilions were built of white marbles.

36. What was the official language of the Sultanate?
A. Persian
B. Urdu
C. Arabic
D. Hindi

Persian



Note: During the period of Delhi Sultanate, the official language was Persian. Main reason for the spread of Persian language in India was the rise of Persian speaking people to the throne.

37. Which of the following pairs is incorrect?
A. Babur vs Sangram Singh
B. Sher Shah Vs Humayun
C. Changez Khan vs Alauddin Khilji
D. Akbar Vs Hemu

Changez Khan vs Alauddin Khilji



Note: Changez Khan was the founder and great Khan of the Mughl empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise. His period of reign was AD 1206-AD to 1227.Iltumish was his contemporary and he had to face his frequent incursions.

38. Which one of the following battles led to the foundation of the Mughal rule at Delhi?
A. Third Battle of Panipat
B. Second Battle of Panipat
C. Battle of Haldighati
D. First Battle of Panipat

First Battle of Panipat



Note: First Battle of Panipat (1526) was fought between the invading forces of Babur and the Lodhi empire. It marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire. This was one of the earliest battles involving gunpowder firearms and field artillery.

39. The third battle of Panipat was fought in the year?
A. AD 1526
B. AD 1556
C.AD 1761
D. AD 1776

AD 1761



Note: The third battle of Panipat took place on 14th January, 1761 between the Maratha empire and the king of Afghanistan, Ahmed Shah.

This battle resulted in the defeat of the Marathas by Ahmed Shah Abdali and the death of Vishwas Rao. This battle ended the Maratha power.

40.Iltumish established a centre of learning at?
A. Multan
B. Kolkata
C. Alwar
D. Patna

Patna



Note: Iltumish, established a famous seat of learning at Azimabad in Patna. Though during the reign of Iltumish, Delhi also became one of the great centre of learning and culture.

41. In which of the following towns is 'Moti Masjid' situated?
A. Agra
B. Jaipur
C. Lahore
D. Ahmedabad

Agra



Note: Shah Jahan constructed Moti Masjid in Agra. It is known as Pearl Mosque because it shines like a pearl. He got this mosque constructed for the members of royal court.

42.Sultana Razia Begum was the daughter of ?
A. Balban
B. Qutub-ud-din Aibak
C. Iltumish
D. Rukn-ud-din

Iltumish



Note: Razia Begum was the daughter of Shams-ud-din Iltumish. She succeeded her father to the Sultanate of Delhi in 1236. She was the first and last woman ruler of Delhi Sultanate.

Razia was popular among the people, but was not acceptable to the nobles and theologians. In AD 1240, Razia became the victim of conspiracy and was assassinated near Kaithal.

43. The only Hindu Courtier of Akbar who accepted Din-i- ilahi was?
A. Todermal
B. Birbal
C. Tansen
D. Man Singh

Birbal



Note: Birbal was one of the persons who were the believers of Din-Ilahi. He was in charge of administration of justice at the royal court.

He is known for his gift of humour and wits. His original name was Mahesh Das. He was one of his most trusted members along with being a part of Akbar's inner council of 9 advisors, known as the navaratna.

44. The Akaal Takht was built by?
A. Guru Ramdas
B. Guru Teg Bahadur
C. Guru Hargobind
D. Guru Nanak

Guru Hargobind



Note: The Akaal Takht is the highest seat of temporal authority of the Khalsa and an important symbol of Sikhism. The Akal Takht is located in the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar. It was built by the Guru Hargovind which symbolises the Sikh idea of sovereignty.

45. Who was the regent of Akbar in the early days?
A. Abdul Fazal
B. Bairam Khan
C. Tansen
D. Todarmal

Bairam Khan



Note: At the time of his father's death Akbar was merely 14 years old and was under the guardianship of Bairam Khan who, on hearing of Humayun's death, coronated Akbar at Kalanaur. Bairam Khan was regent at the court of the Mughal emperors Humayun and Akbar. As Akbar's regent, he consolidated Mughal authority in Northern India and most notably led Mughal forces at the Second Battle of Panipat.


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