Indian History gk questions:Medieval Period-Part 6

Previous Year Paper SSC Medieval History gk Questions with answers-Part6-gkgoals.com

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History on Medieval Period of India.

 

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Medieval History-Part6

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76. Ibn Batuta, the famous traveller came from?
A. Portugal
B. Morocco
C. China
D. Tibet

Morocco



Note: Ibn Batuta, also known as Shams-ud-din, was a Moroccan explorer, known for his extensive travels, accounts of which were published in the Rihia. He visited India during the reign of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq.

77. Who was the Guru of Shivaji?
A. Namdev
B. Ramdas
C. Eknath
D. Tukaram

Ramdas



Note: Samarth Ramdas was a prominent Marathi saint and religious poet in the Hindu tradition in Maharashtra, India. His birth name was Narayan Suryajipant Kulkarni Thosar.

Ramdas was the political strategist and spiritual Guru of Shivaji. It is said that Shivaji Maharaj requested Shri Ramdas Swami to move his residence to a fort named Parali and establish his permanent monastery there.

78. Amir Khusrau was a musician and ?
A. Sufi saint
B. Persian and Hindi writer and scholar.
C. Historian
D. All of the above

All of the above



Note: Amir Khusrau was a prolific Persian poet associated with royal courts of more than 7 rulers of Delhi Sultanate. Amir Khusrau wrote Tarikh-i-Alai, in which he gave an account of conquest of Alauddin Khilji. Amir Khusrau was an Indian musician, scholar and poet.

He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. A Sufi mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, Amir Khusrau was not only a notable poet, but also a prolific and seminal musician.

He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. He is regarded as the 'father of Qawwali'.

He is also credited with enriching Hindustani classical music by introducing Persian and Arabic elements in it and was the originator of the Khayal and tarana styles of music. The invention of the tabla is also traditionally attributed to him. He wrote another book called Ashiqa, which contains the love story of Deval Rani and Khizr Khan.

79. 'Ain-i-Akbari' has been authored by?
A. Abul Fazal
B. Al Biruni
C. Ferishta
D. Amir Khusrau

Abul Fazal



Note: The Ain-i-Akbari is a 16th century, detailed document recording the administration of emperor Akbar's empire, written by Abul Fazal. The Ain-i-Akbari is the 3rd volume of the Akbarnama contains information regarding Akbar's reign in the form of, what would be called in modern times, administration reports, statistical compilations or gazetteers.

It contains the am (i.e, mode of governing) of Akbar and is, in fact, the administration report and statistical return of his government.

80. Which was the birth place of Guru Nanak?
A. Gurdaspur
B. Amritsar
C. Lahore
D. Talwandi

Talwandi



Note: Guru Nanak was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the 10 Sikh Gurus, Guru Nanak was born on 15th April, 1469 now celebrated as Prakash Divas of Guru Nanak Dev, into a Hindu Khatri family in the village of Rai Bhoi di Talwandi, now called Nankana Sahib, near Lahore, Pakistan.

Today, his birthplace is marked by Gurdwara Janam Asthan.

81. A new coin called the 'Rupiya' was issued for the first time by?
A. Ala-ud-din-Khilji
B. Muhammad Shah Tughlaq
C. Sher Shah Suri
D. Akbar

Sher Shah Suri



Note: Sher Shah Suri was the son of Hasan Khan, the jagirdar of Sasaram. He issued the coin called rupia and fixed standard weights and measures all over the empire. The system of tri-metallism coinage was to characterise Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah.

While, the term Rupia had previously been used as a generic term for any silver coin, during his rule the term rupia came to be used as the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grams, which was the precursor of the modern rupee.

82. Name the king who invaded Delhi and plundered the Kohinoor Diamond?
A. Nadir Shah
B. Firoz Shah
C. Muhammad Shah
D. Muhammad Ghori

Nadir Shah



Note: Nadir Shah of Iran invaded India in 1739 and sacked Agra and Delhi. Along with the peacock Throne, he also carried off the Kohinoor. It was allegedly Nadir Shah who exclaimed Kohinoor! when he finally managed to obtain the famous stone and this is how the stone gained its present name. There is no reference to this name before 1739.

83. The Grand Trunk Road was built during the reign of which ruler?
A. Sher Shah Suri
B. Babar
C. Shahjahan
D. Akbar

Sher Shah Suri



Note: During his brief reign of 5 years, Sher Shah introduced a brilliant administration, land Revenue Policy and several other measures to improve economic conditions of his subjects.

The Sadak-e-Azam (great road) is universally recognised as having been the precursor of the Grand Trunk Road. The road was initially built by Sher Shah to connect Agra, his capital, with Sasaram, his hometown.

84. The dead body of Babur by his own choice lies buried in?
A. Agra
B. Farghana
C. Samarqand
D. Kabul

Kabul



Note: Babur died at the age of 47 in 1531. Though, he wished to be buried in his favourite garden in Kabul, a city he had always loved, he was first buried in a mausoleum in the capital city of Agra. His remains were later moved to Bagh-e Babur (Babur Gardens) in Kabul, Afghanistan.

85. The foreign traveller who visited India during the Mughal period and who left us an expert's description of the Peacock Throne, was?
A. Geronnimo Verroneo
B. 'Omrah' Danishmand Khan
C. Travernier
D. Austin of Bordeaux

Travernier



Note: Travernier gave a detailed and vivid description of the 'Peacock Throne' in his book 'Le Six Voyages De JB Travenier'.

One of his work,'The six Voyages of John Baptista Tavernier',  was during Travernier's sixth voyage to India, which he undertook between 163 and 1668, he had the privilege of visiting the court of the great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.

The description of the throne appears in Chapter VIII of Volume II of his book, which concern about preparations for the emperor's annual birthday festival, during which he is solemnly weighed every year and also about the splendour of his thrones and the magnificence of his court.

Travernier's account of the Peacock Throne is the most comprehensive account of the throne available to modern historians.

86. The Delhi General who successfully advanced up to Madurai was?
A. Khizr Khan
B. Muhammad Ghori
C. Malik Kafur
D. Muhammad-bi-Tughlaq

Malik Kafur



Note: Malik Kafur was a slave who became a head general in the army of Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Delhi Sultanate from AD 1296 to 1316.

Between 1309 and 1311, Malik Kafur led two campaigns in South India. The first was against Warrangal and other against Dwar Samudra and Madurai.

87. Mughal presence in the Red Fort ceased with the fall of?
A. Aurangzeb
B. Muhammad Shah
C. Shah Alam
D. Bahadur Shah Zafar

Bahadur Shah Zafar



Note: The Red Fort is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi that served as the residence of the Mughal emperors.

It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian Government. He was deported to Rangoon following the 1857 rebellion.

88. 'Khalsa' was founded by?
A. Guru Gobind Singh
B. Guru Ramdas
C. Guru Nanak
D. ARJUN Dev

Guru Gobind Singh



Note: Khalsa is the collective body of Singhs and Kaurs represented by the five beloved-ones and is the final temporal guru/leader of the Sikhs. The Khalsa was inaugurated on 30th March,1699, by Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Sikh Guru.

The leadership was passed on by Guru Gobind Singh to the Khalsa and bestowed the title 'Guru Panth' or 'Guru'. The Khalsa is responsible for all executive, military and civil authority. The meaning of Khalsa translates to 'Sovereign/Free'.

89. Rathambhor was?
A. A Mughal Palace
B. A Rajput Fort
C. Capital of the Khiljis
D. A Buddhist pilgrimage centre

A Rajput Fort



Note: Rathambhor Fort is a formidable fort and has been a focal point of historical developments of Rajasthan. It is situated near Sawai Madhopur. This fort is known for the glory and valour of brave Hammir Dev of Chauhan dynasty.

The fortress was captured by the kingdom of Mewar under Rana Hamir Singh (1326-1364) and Rana Kumbha (1433-1468)

After the reign of Rana Kumbha's successor Rana Udai Singh I (1468-1473), the fortress passed to the Hada Rajputs of Bundi. The Mughal emperor Akbar captured the fortress in 1559.

90. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was proficient in?
A. Art
B. Music
C. Caligraphy
D. Philosophy

Philosophy



Note: Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was a scholar versed in logic, philosophy, Mathematics, Astronomy and Physical Sciences. He had knowledge of medicine and was skilful in dialectics. He was also a calligrapher.

He was well versed with several languages like Persian, Arabic, Turkish and even Sanskit. He created a new department of agriculture called Diwan-i-Kohi.

The main objective of this department was to bring more land under cultivation by giving direct help to peasants.


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