Indian History gk questions:Medieval Period-Part1

previous year paper ssc Medieval History gk Questions with answers-Part1

 

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Medieval History-Part1

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Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History:Medieval Period of India.

1. Name the Italian traveller, who visited the Vijayanagara empire in AD 1420.?
A. Domingos Paes
B. Edoardo Barbosa
C. Nicolo de Conti
D. Abdur Razzag

Nicolo de Conti



Note: The Italian traveller Nicolo deConti visited the Vijayanagara empire with his wife in AD 1420, during the reign of Deva Raya-I. He described Deva Raya-I as the most powerful king of India.

Nicolo de Conti was a Venetian merchant and explorer who travelled to India and South East Asia during the early 15th century.

2. Who among the following enjoyed the patronage of Sultans from Balban to Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq?
A. Iban Battuta
B. Badauni
C. Zia-ud-din Barani
D. Amir Khusrau

Zia-ud-din Barani



Note: Amir Khusrau was a prolific classical poet associated with the royal courts of more than seven rulers of the Delhi Sultanate from Balban to Ghiyas-ud-din-Tughlaq.

Zia-ud-din Barani was a Muslim historian and political thinker, who lived in Delhi Sultanate during Mohammed-bin-Tughlaq and Firoz Shah's reign.

Zia-ud-din Barani was best known for composing the Tarikh-i-Firoz Shahi (also called Tarikh-i-Firuz Shahi), a work on medieval India, which covers the period from the reign of Ghiyas ud din Balban to the first six years of reign of Firoz Shah Tughluq and the Fatwa-i-Jahandari which promoted a hierarchy among Muslim communities in the Indian subcontinent

3. Which one of the following dynasties established an independent rule in Bijapur?
A. Imad Shahi
B. Nizam Shahi
C. Qutb Shahi
D. Adil Shahi

Adil Shahi



Note: Adil Shahi dynasty was established an independent rule in Bijapur. The Bijapur Sultanate was absorbed into the Mughal empire on 12th September,1686, after its conquest by the emperor Aurangzeb.

Bijapur was caught up in the instability and conflict resulting from the collapse of the Bahmani Empire. Constant warring, both with the Vijayanagar Empire and the other Deccan Sultanates, imposed a restriction in the development of state before the Deccan Sultanates allied to achieve victory over Vijayanagar at Talikota in 1565.

Bijapur eventually conquered by the neighbouring Sultanate of Bidar in 1619.

The Portuguese Empire exerted pressure on the major Adil Shahi port of Goa, until it was conquered during the reign of Ibrahim II.

The Sultanate was damaged by the revolt of Shivaji, whose father was Maratha commander in the service of Adil Shah. Shivaji founded an independent Maratha Kingdom which later become the Maratha Empire, one of the largest empires in India, just before the British conquered India.

4. Humayun was driven out of Hindustan in AD 1540 after the battle of?
A. Chausa
B. Dourah
C. Surajgarh
D. Kannauj

Kannauj



Note: The Battle of Kannauj took place at Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh, India between Sher Shah Suri and Humayun on May 17, 1540. This battle is also known as the battle of Bilgram, Shershah Suri defeated Humayun and forced him to flee from India.

Humayun took refuge in Iran.

The Battle (war) of Chausa (1539) took place between Mughal Emperor Humayun and Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan).Also In the Battle of Chausa, Shershah Suri defeated Humayun, but he captured Agra only.

5. The first Muslim Woman ruler of India was?
A. Chandabibi
B. Sultana Raziya
C. Begum Hazrat Mahal
D. Noorjahan

Sultana Raziya



Note: The slave dynasty ruled the sub-continent for about 84 years. It was the first Muslim dynasty that ruled India. Qutub-ud-din Aibak, a slave of Mohammed Ghori, who became the ruler after the death of his master, founded the slave dynasty.

Second important king of the Slave dynasty was Shams-ud-din Iltumish, who himself was a slave of Qutub-ud-din Aibak. He ruled for around 26 years from 1211 to 1236 and was responsible for setting the Sultanate of Delhi on strong footings.

Raziya Begum, the capable daughter of Iltumish, was the first and the only Muslim lady who ever adorned the throne of Delhi. She fought valiantly, but was defeated and killed.

Finally, the youngest son of Iltumish, Nasir-ud-din Mahmud became Sultan in 1245.

6. Din-I-Ilahi was founded by?
A. Kabir
B. Akbar
C. Shah Jahan
D. Guru Nanak Dev

Akbar



Note: Din-I-Ilahi or Divine Faith, was a syncretic religion or spiritual leadership program propounded by the Mughal emperor Akbar in the late 16th century(1582), intending to merge some of the elements of the religions of his empire, and thereby reconcile the differences that divided his subjects.

The elements were primarily drawn from Islam, Hinduism, and Zoroastrianism, but some others were also taken from Christianity, Jainism, and Buddhism.

Din-I-Ilahi was essentially an ethical system, prohibiting such sins as lust, sensuality, slander and pride and enjoining the virtues of piety, prudence, abstinence and kindness.

7. When did the reign of Delhi Sultanate came to an end?
A. AD 1498
B. AD 1526
C. AD 1565
D. AD 1600

AD 1526



Note: Delhi sultanate was ruled by five dynasties. These dynasties ruled Northern pat of India for 320 years(1206-1526)

Qutub-ud-din Aibak, a former slave of Mohammed Ghori, was the first Sultan of Delhi. He was belong to Mamluk dynasty(slave dynasy), the first dynasty of Delhi Sultanate(1206-90). The second one was Khilji dynasty (1290-1320). The third dynasy was Tughlak dynasty (1320-1414). Forth Sayyad dynasty(1414-51).Fifth dynasty was Afghan Lodi dynasty(1451-1526).

The defeat of Ibrahim Lodi by Babar in the First Battle of Panipat in the year 1526 brought Delhi Sultanate came to an end.

8. Which was the second capital of Akbar?
A. Delhi
B. Agra
C. Patna
D. Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri



Note: Fatehpur Sikri was Akbar's second capital when he moved from Agra in 1570s and built it in the name of Saint Salim Chisti.

9. The first Mughal emperor of India was?
A. Shahjahan
B. Humayun
C. Babar
D. Akbar

Babar



Note: Babar laid the foundation of Mughal dynasty in Indian sub-continent. He was direct descendant of Timur through his father and from mother side, he was descendant of Genghis Khan(Chengez Khan). He fought first battle of Panipat in 1526 against Ibrahim Lodi.

10. Bijapur is known for its?
A. severe drought condition
B. Gol Gumbaz
C. heavy rainfall
D. statue of Gomateswara

Gol Gumbaz



Note: Gol Gumbaz 'round dome', is the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur, Karnataka in India, was completed in 1656 by the architect Yaqut of Dabul. Although 'impressively simple in design'. it is the 'structural triumph of Deccan architecture'.

11. Presently, Daulatabad where Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq had transferred the capital from Delhi is situated near?
A. Mysore
B. Aurangabad
C. Nizamabad
D. Bhopal

Aurangabad



Note: Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was the Turkic Sultan of Delhi from 1325-1351.He was the eldest son of Hiyas-ud-din Tughlaq.

He changed its capital from Delhi and forcibly moved the entire population to Daulatabad.

It is an important monument of India-Islamic architecture aptly known for its amazing dimensions.

12. Taj Mahal was designed by?
A. Ustad Shamsher
B. Utad Isa
C. Utad Mansur
D. Utad Rahim

Utad Isa



Note: Taj Mahal was designed by Utad Isa. Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shahjahan in memory of his third wife Mumtaz Mahal.

In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO world heritage site. Taj Mahal is regarded by many as finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combined Islamic, Persian, Ottoman , Turkish and Indian architectural styles.

13. Which Sultan received a robe of honour from the Caliph?
A. Balban
B. Qutub-ud-din Aibak
C. Alauddin Khilji
D. Iltumish

Alauddin Khilji



Note: Alauddin Khilji was the first ruler among the Delhi Sultans, who did not ask for manshur(letter of investiture) from the Caliph, but called himself the deputy of the Caliph.

14. Gol Gumbaz, the largest dome in India, is located in the State of ?
A. Bihar
B. Karnataka
C. Maharashtra
D. Madhya Pradesh

Karnataka



Note: Gol Gumbaz is the Mausoleum of Muhammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur, it is located in Bijapur, Karnataka and was completed in 1656 by the architect, Yaqut of Kabul.

15. Which were the two dynasties, which ruled immediately before and after the Khiljis?
A. Slave and Lodi
B. Sayyid and Lodi
C. Slave and Tughlaq
D. Tughlaq and Lodi

Slave and Tughlaq



Note: The Slave dynasty ruled from AD 1206-90 and Khiljis ruled for a short span of just 30 years from AD 1290-1320.Tughlaq dynasty ruled from AD 1320-1414. So, the slave and Tughlaq dynasties were the two dynasties which ruled immediately before and after the Khiljis.


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