Indian History gk questions:Medieval Period-Part Two

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Medieval History-Part2

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Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History:Medieval Period of India.

16. Who among the following introduced Mansabdari System?
A. Sher Shah
B. Akbar
C. Jahangir
D. Shah Jahan

Akbar



Note: Akbar introduced the Mansabdari System. After the conquest of Gujarat in 1573-74, the officers were classified into different ranks or Mansabs, which led to the growth of Mansabdari System.

The system was at the core of the Mughal civil and military administration and also of the Mughal Nobility.

The word Mansab is of Arabic origin meaning rank or position. Hence, Mansabdar means the holder of a rank, or an officer. The Mansabdari system was of Central Asian origin.

In the mansabdari system founded by Akbar, the mansabdars were military commanders, high civil and military officers, and provincial governors. Those mansabdars whose rank was one thousand or below were called Amir, while those above 1,000 were called Amir-al Kabir (Great Amir).

17. Gol Gumbaz is in?
A. Konark
B. Hyderabad
C. Puri
D. Bijapur

Bijapur



Note: Gol Gumbaz, the mausoleum of Muhammed Adil Shah is located in Bijapur, District ,Karnataka. It is an important monument known for its amazing dimensions and unique acoustic features.

The construction of this building was completed and the deceased king, Mohammed Adil Shah was buried in this building in AD 1656.

18. What does 'Jahangir' mean?
A. National Monarch
B. The Grand Monarch
C. Conqueror of the world
D. Hero of Hundred Battles

Conqueror of the world



Note: Jahangir is Akbar's eldest son , also known as Salim. Prince Salim ascended the throne under the name Jahangir which means world grasper. Jahangir gave an account of changing his name, because there was a contemporary ottoman emperor named Salim.

19. Who succeeded Babur to Mughal throne?
A. Sher Shah
B. Akbar
C. Humayun
D. Bahadur Shah

Humayun



Note: Humayun succeeded Babur at the young age of 23 years, when he occupied the throne, he found himself surrounded by the enemies on all sides.

In the East were Mahmud Lodhi and other Afghans under Sher Khan. In the South was Sultan Bahadur Shah, the ruler of Gujarat and in the North-West Kamran, the younger brother of Humayun.

20. Krishnadevaraya built the Krishnaswami temple in Hampi, which is situated in the present state of?
A. Karnataka
B. Calcutta
C. Jammu and Kashmir
D. Kerala

Karnataka



Note: Krishnaswami temple built by Krishnadevaraya at Hampi is located in Karnataka. He also built the Vijaya Mahal (House of Victory) and expanded the Hazara Rama temple and the Vithal Swami temple. He took the titles of Yavanaraja Sthapanacharya and Abhinnava-Bhoja.

21. Nurjahan's real name was?
A. Mehr-un-Nisa
B. Mumtaz Mahal
C. Ladli Begum
D. Jahanara

Mehr-un-Nisa



Note: In 1611, Jahangir married Mehr-un-Nissa, widow of Sher Afghan, a Persian nobleman of Bengal. Later on she was given the tile Nurjahan. She exercised tremendous influence over the State of Affairs. She was made the official Badshah Begum

22. Who among the following was the last Delhi Sultan?
A. Sikandar Lodhi
B. Daulat Khan Lodhi
C. Rana Sanga
D. Ibrahim Lodhi

Ibrahim Lodhi



Note: Daulat Khan Lodhi, the Governor of Punjab invited Babur to overthrow Ibrahim Lodhi. Babur inflicted a crushing defeat on Ibrahim Lodhi in the first Battle of Panipat in 1526.

Ibrahim Lodhi was killed in the Battle and with him ended the Delhi Sultanate.

23. Who among the following was defeated by Prithvi Raj Chauhan in the first battle of Tarain?
A. Balban
B. Muhammed Ghori
C. Mahmud of Ghazni
D. Iltumish

Muhammed Ghori



Note:Prithvi Raj III, the chahman ruler of Ajmer defeated the invading army of Muhammad Ghori at Tarain near Thaneswar in AD 1191. But on 1192, Ghori attacked for the second time where upon he defeated Prithviraj in the second Battle of Tarain.

24. Humayun had to run away from India after he was defeated in the battle of ?
A. Panipat
B. Gogra
C. Khanwa
D. Kannauj

Kannauj



Note: Humayun and his brother Kamran decided to fight Sher Shah but due to the differences between the brothers, Humayun fought the battle of Kannauj in 1540 alone and lost.

Humayun became a fugitive and Sher Shah became the ruler of Agra and Delhi, thus established the Sur empire in India.

25. The third battle of Panipat was fought between?
A. The Marathas and the Afghans
B. The Marathas and the Mughals
C. The Mughals and the Afghans
D. The Marathas and the Rajputs

The Marathas and the Afghans



Note: Third Battle of Panipat (4th January, 1761) resulted in the defeat of the Marathas by Ahmad Shah Abdali(Afghan) and the death of Viswas Rao and Sadashiv Rao Bhau. This battle ended the Maratha power.

26. Rana Pratap Singh of Mewar was defeated by the Mughal army in the battle of?
A. Mewar
B. Chittor
C. Haldighati
D. Udaipur

Haldighati



Note: The battle of Haldighati (1576) was fought between Rana Pratap of Mewar and emperor Akbar's forces, led by Man Singh I of Amber.. Rana Pratap was defeated but he did not submit and continued the struggle.

27. Who got the Gita translated into Persian?
A. Shah Jahan
B. Akbar
C. Murad
D. Dara Shikoh

Dara Shikoh



Note: Dara Shikoh, translated Gita into Persian. He was the younger brother of Aurangzeb, whom Aurangzeb defeated in the battle of Dharmat(1658).

28. The Mughal adventurer who destroyed the Nalanda University was?
A. Allauddin Khilji
B. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
C. Muhammad-bin-Bhaktiyar
D. Muhammad-bin-Quasim

Muhammad-bin-Bhaktiyar



Note: Muhammad-bin-Bhaktiyar Khilji was a Turkish military general of Qutub-ud-din Aibak. He was responsible for the destruction of Nalanda, which was an ancient Buddhist University in Bihar. The Persian sources gives an account of Khilji's attack and destruction of the Nalanda University.

29. Who translated Ramayana into Persian?
A. Abdul Fazal
B. Badauni
C. Abdul Latif
D. Isar Das

Badauni



Note: Badauni was an Indo-Persian historian and translator living during the Mughal period. Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar appointed him to the religious office in the royal courts in 1574 where he spent much of his career.

He translated many Hindu religious books like Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The most notable work of Badauni is Tarikh-i-Badauni which is a general History of the Muslim rule in India.

30. Painting reached its highest level of development during the reign of?
A. Akbar
B. Aurangzeb
C. Jahangir
D. Shah Jahan

Jahangir



Note: Mughal painting reached its zenith under Jahangir, a patron of painting. As a young prince, Jahangir under the supervision of master Aqa Riza, developed a new, naturalistic style distinctive for its subdued palette, psychologically expressive portraiture and outstanding natural history painting.






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