What does Jahangir mean?

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Medieval History-Question 18

What does Jahangir mean?,cgl previous year question,previous year paper ssc Indian History gk questions with answers in english on Medieval Period,thomas roe

Important previous year paper gk questions with answers in English on Jahangir son of Akbar the fourth Mughal Emperor, who ruled from 1605 until his death.

18. What does Jahangir mean?
A. National Monarch
B. The Grand Monarch
C. Conqueror of the world
D. Hero of Hundred Battles

Conqueror of the world

Note: Jahangir is Akbar's eldest son , also known as Salim. Prince Salim ascended the throne under the name Jahangir which means world grasper. Jahangir gave an account of changing his name, because there was a contemporary ottoman emperor named Salim.

Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim, known by his imperial name, Jahangir was the fourth Mughal Emperor, who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627.

Sir Thomas Roe, an English Diplomat, represented England in the Mughal Empire. On 18 September 1615,  he arrived at the Surat port as the ambassador of the English King, James I to Mughal Emperor Jahangir’s court.

Roe’s arrival in Jahangir’s court was a significant event in modern Indian history as it was the first step towards establishing the British East India Company as a supreme power in the Indian subcontinent

Roe, with his clever skills, was successful in obtaining a ‘farman’ from the Mughal Emperor to establish factories at Surat. He also gained exclusive trading rights for the English.

Roe’s account of his stay in India ‘Journal of the mission to the Mogul Empire’ is a valuable document shedding light on the history of the early 17th century in India. He stayed in the Mughal court for three years from 1615 to 1618.

The British East India Company landed in the Indian subcontinent on August 24, 1608, at the port of Surat as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium.

Mughal emperor Jahangir granted a farman to Captain William Hawkins permitting the English to erect a factory at Surat in 1613. In 1615, Thomas Roe, the Ambassador to James I, got an imperial farman from Jahangir to trade and establish factories all across the Mughal empire.

It was Mughal Emperor Farrukhsiyar which in 1717 AD, issued royal Farman (charter) granting the company important trading facilities in Bengal which included the permission of export and import British goods in Bengal without paying taxes. Under the Farman the company was authorized  to issue Dastaks (passes) for the transportation of goods.

Jahangir was fascinated with art and architecture. In his autobiography, the Jahangirnama, Jahangir recorded events that occurred during his reign, descriptions of flora and fauna that he encountered, and other aspects of daily life, and commissioned court painters such as Ustad Mansur to paint detailed pieces that would accompany his vivid prose

Jahangir was also revolutionary in his adaptation of European styles. A collection at the British Museum in London contains seventy-four drawings of Indian portraits dating from the time of Jahangir, including a portrait of the emperor himself. These portraits are a unique example of art during Jahangir's reign because faces were not drawn in full, including the shoulders as well as the head as these drawings are.

Jahangir (1605 – 1627 AD) was the most enthusiastic patron of the Mughal painting and under him Mughal painting achieved its zenith. During Jahangir, the Persian and Indian style of painting were fully synthesized. The Indian painting became free from foreign influence during his reign.


*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on Medieval History of India.


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