Indian History gk questions:Medieval Period-Part 5

Previous Year Paper SSC Medieval History gk Questions with answers-Part5-gkgoals.com

 

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Medieval History-Part5

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Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History:Medieval Period of India.

61. Arabs were defeated in AD 738 by?
A. Pratiharas
B. Rashtrakutas
C. Palas
D. Chalukyas

Chalukyas



Note: The battle of Rajasthan is a battle(or series of battles) where the Hindu alliance defeated the Arab invaders in 738 CE and removed the Arab invaders.

The main Indian kings who contributed to the victory over the Arabs were the North Indian ruler Nagabhatta of the Pratihara dynasty and the South Indian emperor Vikramaditya II of the Chalukya dynasty.

62. The original name of Tansen, the most famous musician at the court of Akbar was?
A. Lal Kalwant
B. Banda Bahadur
C. Ramtanu Pandey
D. Markandey Pandes

Ramtanu Pandey



Note: The original name of Mian Tansen was Ramtanu Pandey a prominent Hindustani classical music composer and musician. He was an extraordinarily gifted vocalist, known for a large number of compositions, and also an instrumentalist who popularised and improved the plucked rabab (of Central Asian origin).

He was one of the Navaratnas at the court of the Mughal emperor Akbar. He was born at Gwalior, Tansen was also known as Geet Samrat.

 63. The Qutub Minar was completed by the famous ruler?
A. Qutub-ud-din Aibak
B. Iltumish
C. Firoz Shah Tughlaq
D. Alauddin Khilji

Iltumish



Note: The construction was of Qutub Minar was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak in 1192 and was completed by Iltumish.

The soaring conical tower is an exquisite example of Indo-Islamic Afghan architecture. Iltumish set-up an official nobility of slaves known as Chahalgani (group of forty or chalisa group)

64. Iban Batuta visited India during the reign of?
A. Iltumish
B. Alauddin Khilji
C. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
D. Balban

Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq



Note: Iban Battuta, the famous Moroccan traveller, visited India during the reign of Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq was renowned as he wealthiest man in the Muslim World at that time.

He patronised various scholars, sufis, qadis, viziers and other functionaries in order to consolidate his rule. Ibn Batuta composed a book called Kitab-ul-Rehla.

 65. Who was popularly known as 'Nana Saheb"?
A. Baji Rao I
B. Balaji Baji Rao
C. Balaji Vishwanath
D. Madhav Rao

Balaji Baji Rao



Note: Nanasaheb Peshwas, also known as Balaji Baji Rao, was the son of Bajirao. He succeeded his father at the age of 20. He contributed heavily to the development of the city of Pune, India. Nana Saheb lost his cousin, Sadashivrao Bhau and his eldest son, Vishwasrao, at the Third Battle of Panipat.

66. The largest standing army of the sultanate, directly paid by the state, was created by?
A. Iltumish
B. Alauddin Khilji
C. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
D. Sikander Lodhi

Alauddin Khilji



Note: Indian Army under Delhi Sultanate was heavily influenced by the foreign invasions. It was on the basis of such military strength that Alauddin Khilji twice repelled the Mongols successfully. His military success was because of the creation of a large standing army directly recruited and paid by the state.

He introduced Dagh (branding of horses) and Chehra (descriptive role of soldiers). He reorganised the Spy System and also prohibited the use of wine.

Nobles were not allowed to have social gatherings about they should not inter-marry without permission.

67. Which one is not situated at Fatehpur Sikri?
A. The Panch Mahal
B. Moti Masjid
C. Tomb of Salim Chishti
D. The Mariam Palace

Moti Masjid



Note: Moti Masjid in Agra was built by Shah Jahan. The other Moti Masjid is a large white marble mosque built by the Mughal emperor Aurangzdeb at the Red Fort complex in Delhi, India from 1659-1960.

 68. A renowned Jain scholar who was greatly honoured by Akbar was?
A. Hemachandra
B. Harivijaya
C. Vastupala
D. Bhadrabahu

Harivijaya



Note: During the rule of Akbar, Jainism flourished to a great extant. Delhi became a centre of the Digambara sect. Akbar deeply revered the Jain drama by Acharya, Muni Padmasunder.

On being invited by Akbar, most renowned Battarak Harivijay Suri of Tapagachcha of Gujarat came to Agra. Akbar bestowed upon Harivijay Suri with the epithet 'Jagadguru'

69. The sultan who described himself as 'The Second Alexander'(Sikander-i-Sani) was?
A. Balban
B. Alauddin Khilji
C. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
D. Sikander Lodhi

Alauddin Khilji



Note: Alauddin Khilji described himself as the second Alexander on his own. He dreamt of founding a world-wide empire, which is depicted in his era's coinage. He proclaimed kingship knows no kinship. He introduced the first permanent standing army of medieval India. He aboliished Iqtas of royal troopers and started payment of their salaries in cash.

70. Who among the following Rajput kings defeated Muhammad Ghori for the first time?
A. Prithviraj III
B. Baghel Bhim
C. Jaichandra
D. Kumar Pal

Baghel Bhim



Note: The battle of Kayadara, Gujarat (1178) was a defeat suffered by Muhammad of Ghori during his first campaign against a Indian ruler in India. Gujarat was ruled by the Young Indian ruler Bhimdev Solonki II, although the army was commanded by his mother Naikidevi.

Muhammad's army had suffered greatly during the march across the desert and Naikidevi inflicted a major defeat on him at the village of Kayadara(near to Mount Abu).

71. Where is the Bada Imambara located?
A. Agra
B. Lucknow
C. Patna
D. Allahabad

Lucknow



Note: Bada Imambara was built by Asaf-ud-Daula, nawab of Lucknow. It is located in the city of Lucknow. It is also called the Asafi Imambara. It was built in 1784.

72. Which one of the following Mughal buildings is said to possess the unique feature of being exactly equal in length and breadth?
A. Agra Fort
B. Red Fort
C. Taj Mahal
D. Buland Darwaza

Taj Mahal



Note: The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh.

It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The marble dome that surmounts the tomb is the most spectacular feature.

Its height of around 35 m is about the same as the length of the base and is accentuated as it sits on a cylindrical 'drum' which is roughly 7 m high.

73. Who of the following was sent as an ambassador to the royal court of Jahangir by James I, the then king of England?
A. John Hawkins
B. William Todd
C. Sir Thomas Roe
D. Sir Walter Raleigh

John Hawkins



Note: In 1608, captain William Hawkins, a representative of East India Company came to Jahangir's court. He was given the Mansab of 400.

In 1615, Sir Thomas Roe, an ambassador of King James-I of England also came to his court. Though, initially Jahangir resisted, later on he granted permission to the English to establish a trading port at Surat.

74. The medieval city of Vijayanagara is now known as.?
A. Chandragiri
B. Halebiduu
C. Hampi
D. Kondavidu

Hampi



Note: Vijayanagara kingdom and the city were founded by Harihara and Bukka who were feudatories of Kakatiyas. Vijayanagara is in Bellary District, Northern Karnataka.

It is the name of the now ruined capital city that surrounds modern day Hampi, of the historic Vijayanagara empire which extended over the Southern part of India. The name translates as 'City of Victory', from vijaya (victory) and Nagar (city).

75. 'Lakh Baksh' was a title given to the ruler?
A. Iltumish
B. Balban
C. Raziya
D. Qutub-ud-din-Aibak

Qutub-ud-din-Aibak



Note: Sultan Qutub-ud-din-Aibak also called Lakh Baksh Sultan (the donator of hundreds of thousands) was the first Muslim emperor of India who ruled from his capital in Delhi where he built Qutub Minar and the Quwwat ul Islam mosque. He was of Turkic descent from Central Asia, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty.

He ruled as an emperor for only 4 years, from 1206 to 1210. He became the Sultan of India after the death of his master Muhammad Ghori in 1206. In 1210, while playing Chaugan (Polo), at Lahore, he fell off his horse and died of injuries.


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