The Ajanta and Ellora caves belongs to ?

Previous Year Paper GK Questions and Answers: Ajanta and Ellora caves

    Buddhism-Jainism-Question 2

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers in English.Q2.The caves of Ajanta and Ellora belongs to 
A. Jains
B. Buddhists

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Buddhism and Jainism.

2.The caves of Ajanta and Ellora belongs to 
A. Jains
B. Buddhists
C. Sikhs
D. Hindus

Buddhists

🔑Key Points

✔Ajanta and Ellora caves, considered to be one of the finest examples of ancient rock-cut caves, are located near Aurangabad in Maharashtra, India.

Ajanta and Ellora caves have been listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of India since the year 1983.

Ajanta Caves, well known for their ancient wall paintings, the Ellora caves are renowned for their extraordinary architecture. Both the caves have sculptures.

The elaborate sculptures and paintings at Ajanta and Ellora caves are inspired by diverse stories of Lord Buddha and various aspects of Buddhism.

AJANTA CAVES

Ajanta, which contain Hindu, Jain and Buddhist caves is a series of rock-cut caves in the Sahyadri ranges (Western Ghats) on Waghora river near Aurangabad in Maharashtra.

There are a total of 29 caves (all buddhist) of which 25 were used as Viharas or residential caves while 4 were used as Chaitya or prayer halls.

 The caves were developed in the period between 200 B.C. to 650 A.D.

 The caves were first discovered in 1819, when Jon Smith.

20 caves were built during the Vakataka dynasty(Satavahana dynasty), during the reign of Harisena, and at the end of his reign, these caves were abandoned.

 Inside the caves, you can see paintings depicting the life of Gautam Buddha, and also stories from Jataka Tales.

  Chinese Buddhist travellers Fa Hien (during the reign of Chandragupta II; 380- 415 CE) and Hieun Tsang (during the reign of emperor Harshavardhana; 606 - 647 CE) have stated about Ajanta caves in their travel accounts.

ELLORA CAVES

Ellora Caves is 100 kilometre from the Ajanta caves. The Ajanta style is also found in the Ellora Caves and other sites such as the Elephanta Caves, Aurangabad Caves, Shivleni Caves and the cave temples of Karnataka.

Ellora Caves is a group of 34 caves – 17 Brahmanical, 12 Buddhist and 5 Jain.

 The Kailasa Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is the largest monolithic rock-cut temple in the world. It is located in cave 16.

Cave 15, which is known as Dashavatara is popular for depicting the ten avatars of Lord Vishnu.

Ellora Caves were built during 757-783 AD by Rashtrakuta king,Krishna I .

They are regarded as one of the finest representations of religious art of Buddhism.

The entrance of the caves has a tall image of Buddha.

The caves are decorated with sculptures and art forms of Bodhisattva Padmapani and Vajrapani as well as carvings of princesses, lovers, maids and dancing girls.


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Western Ghats are locally known by different names such as Sahyadri in Maharashtra, Nilgiri hills in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and Anaimalai hills and Cardamom hills in Kerala.

Anaimudi (2,695 m), the highest peak of Peninsular plateau is located on the Anaimalai hills of the Western Ghats followed by Dodabetta (2,637 m) on the Nilgiri hills.

Most of the Peninsular rivers such as Krishna and Cauvery have their origin in the Western Ghats.



                                                                                                                    

*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on .

References

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6.NCERT Text Books.

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