Harappans were the earliest people to produce?

Previous Year Paper GK Questions and Answers:Cotton and Mehrgarh

    Pre-Historic Period-Question 35

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers in English.35.Harappan were the earliest people to produce?
  A. Bronze implement

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History of Pre-Historic Period.

Q35.Harappan were the earliest people to produce?
  A. Bronze implements
  B. cotton
  C. barley
  D. seals

Copper

Note: The Harappan were the first to grow cotton. They produced cotton cloth hundreds of years before anyone else. The Greek word for cotton is Sindon, a word derived from Sind which is a part of the Indus Valley civilization region.

🔑Key Points

✔Farmers in the Indus valley were the first to spin and weave cotton.

✔In 1929 archaeologists recovered fragments of cotton textiles at Mohenjo-Daro, which is now Pakistan, dating to between 3250 and 2750 BCE.

Cottonseeds founds at nearby Mehrgarh have been dated to 5000 BCE. Literary references further point to the ancient nature of the subcontinent's cotton industry.

✔The Vedic scriptures, composed between 1500 and 1200 BCE allude to cotton spinning and weaving.

Mehrgarh

Mehrgarh is a Neolithic archaeological site (dated c. 7000 BCE – c. 2500/2000 BCE) situated on the Kacchi Plain of Balochistan in Pakistan. It is located near the Bolan Pass, to the west of the Indus River and between the modern-day Pakistani cities of Quetta, Kalat and Sibi.

✔The site was discovered in 1974 by an archaeological team led by the French archaeologists Jean-François Jarrige and his wife, Catherine Jarrige.

Mehrgarh was excavated continuously between 1974 and 1986, and again from 1997 to 2000.

✔Archaeological material has been found in six mounds, and about 32,000 artefacts have been collected from the site.

✔The earliest settlement at Mehrgarh—located in the northeast corner of the 495-acre (2.00 km2) site—was a small farming village dated between 7000 BCE and 5500 BCE.

✔Early Mehrgarh residents lived in mud brick houses, stored their grain in granaries, fashioned tools with local copper ore, and lined their large basket containers with bitumen.

✔They cultivated six-row barley, einkorn and emmer wheat, jujubes and dates, and herded sheep, goats and cattle.

✔Residents of the later period (5500 BCE to 2600 BCE) put much effort into crafts, including flint knapping, tanning, bead production, and metal working.

Mehrgarh is probably the earliest known center of agriculture in South Asia.

✔The oldest known example of the lost-wax technique comes from a 6,000-year-old wheel-shaped copper amulet found at Mehrgarh. The amulet was made from unalloyed copper, an unusual innovation that was later abandoned.



                                                                                                                    

*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on .

References

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