The Harappans were?

Previous Year Paper GK Questions and Answers: Harappan Culture

    Pre-Historic Period-Question 37

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers in English.37.The Harappans were?

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History of Pre-Historic Period.

Q37.The Harappans were?
A. Rural
B. Urban
C. Nomadic
D. Tribal


Note: The Harappan cities were well planned to support the social and economic needs of their inhabitants. The Urbanism of the Harappan civilization is related to its mature phase.

Many scholars have called the Harappan urbanization as 'The Urban Revolution' which could not have been possible without the strong central authority, specialized economic organization and socio-cultural unity.

🔑Key Points

The Indus Valley Civilization is the earliest known culture of the Indian subcontinent of the kind now called “urban” , and the largest of the four ancient civilizations, which also included Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China.

The society of the Indus River Valley has been dated from the Bronze Age, the time period from approximately 3300-1300 BCE. It was located in modern-day India and Pakistan, and covered an area as large as Western Europe.

✔Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were the two great cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, emerging around 2600 BCE along the Indus River Valley in the Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan.

The people of the Indus Valley, also known as Harappan, achieved many notable advances in technology, including great accuracy in their systems and tools for measuring length and mass.

The Indus River Valley Civilization, also known as Harappan civilization, developed the first accurate system of standardized weights and measures, some as accurate as to 1.6 mm.

Harappans were among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures.

The smallest division, approximately 1.6 mm, was marked on an ivory scale found in Lothal, a prominent Indus Valley city in the modern Indian state of Gujarat. It stands as the smallest division ever recorded on a Bronze Age scale.

Harappans created sculpture, seals, pottery, and jewellery from materials, such as terracotta, metal, and stone.

Evidence shows Harappans participated in a vast maritime trade network extending from Central Asia to modern-day Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Syria.

✔Bricks used to build Indus cities were uniform in size.

Harappans demonstrated advanced architecture with dockyards, granaries, warehouses, brick platforms, and protective walls.

The ancient Indus systems of sewerage and drainage developed and used in cities throughout the region were far more advanced than any found in contemporary urban sites in the Middle East, and even more efficient than those in many areas of Pakistan and India today.

Harappans were proficient in seal carving, the cutting of patterns into the bottom face of a seal, and used distinctive seals for the identification of property and to stamp clay on trade goods.

✔Seals have been one of the most commonly discovered artefacts in Indus Valley cities, decorated with animal figures, such as elephants, tigers, and water buffalos.

Harappans also developed new techniques in metallurgy—the science of working with copper, bronze, lead, and tin.

Harappans made intricate handicraft using products made of the semi-precious gemstone, Carnelian.

The Harappan Civilization may have been the first to use wheeled transport, in the form of bullock carts .

Harappans also built boats and watercraft—a claim supported by archaeological discoveries of a massive, dredged canal, and what is regarded as a docking facility at the coastal city of Lothal.


*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on .




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