Lothal is a site where dockyards of which civilization were found?

Previous Year Paper GK Questions and Answers:Lothal-Site of Dockyards

    Pre-Historic Period-Question 22

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers in English.22.Lothal is a site where dockyards of which of the following civilization

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History of Pre-Historic Period.

22.Lothal is a site where dockyards of which of the following civilizations were found?
A. Persian
B. Egyptian
C. Mesopotonian
D. Indus valley

Indus valley

🔑Key Points

✔Lothal was one of the southernmost cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, located in the Bhal region of the modern state of Gujarat. Construction of the city began around 2200 BCE.

✔Lothal was Discovered in 1954.

✔Lothal was excavated from 13 February 1955 to 19 May 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

✔The dockyard was located away from the main current to avoid deposition of silt.

✔It is believed that Lothal engineers studied tidal movements, and their effects on brick-built structures, since the walls are of kiln-burnt bricks.

✔This knowledge also enabled them to select Lothal's location in the first place, as the Gulf of Khambhat has the highest tidal amplitude and ships can be cascaded through flow tides in the river estuary.

✔The engineers built a trapezoidal structure, with north–south length of average 215 metres (705 feet), and east–west width of 35 metres (115 feet).

✔Another opinion is that the basin could have served as an irrigation tank, for the estimated original dimensions of the "dock" are not large enough, by modern standards, to house ships and conduct much traffic.

✔The dock also possessed a lock-gate system—a wooden door could be lowered at the mouth of the outlet to retain a minimum column of water in the basin so as to ensure flotation at low tides.




                                                                                                                    

*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on .

References

1.
2.NCERT Text Books

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