Most important text of Vedic Mathematics is?

Previous Year Paper GK Questions and Answers: Harappan Culture

    Pre-Historic Period-Question 40

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers in English.40.The most important text of Vedic mathematics is?
A. Satapatha Brahm

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History of Pre-Historic Period.

40.The most important text of Vedic mathematics is?
A. Satapatha Brahman
B. Atharvaveda
C. Chhandogya Upanishad
D. Sulva Sutras

Sulva Sutras

Note: Sulva Sutra is the oldest book on Indian Geometry.

They are part of the larger corpus of texts called the Shrauta Sutras, considered to be appendices to the vedas. They are the only sources of knowledge of Indian Mathematics from the Vedic period.

The Sulva Sutras are believed to be written between 600-300 BC. They contained instructions for making special altars to the Gods.

🔑Key Points

The four major Sulva Sutras, which are mathematically the most significant, are those composed by Baudhayana, Manava, Apastamba and Katyayana. Out of them the oldest belongs to Baudhayana and dates back to 600BC. They discuss the cases of the Pythagorean Theorem and Pythagorean triples.

Their language is late Vedic Sanskrit, pointing to a composition roughly during the 1st millennium BCE.

Baudhayan Sulva Sutra is today known as the Pythagoras theorem, which states that in a right-angled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

In Baudhayan theorem, this has been expressed as follows: in a Deerghchatursh (triangle), the chetra (square) of rajju (hypotenuse) is equal to the sum of squares of the parshvamani (base) and triyangmani (perpendicular line).

The Baudhayana Shulba(or Sulva) sutra gives the construction of geometric shapes such as squares and rectangles. It also gives, sometimes approximate, geometric area-preserving transformations from one geometric shape to another.

 These include transforming a square into a rectangle, an isosceles trapezium, an isosceles triangle, a rhombus, and a circle, and transforming a circle into a square.



                                                                                                                    

*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on .

References

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