### Most important text of Vedic Mathematics is?

## Pre-Historic Period-Question 40

**Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History of Pre-Historic Period.**

## 40.The most important text of Vedic mathematics is?

A. Satapatha Brahman

B. Atharvaveda

C. Chhandogya Upanishad

D. Sulva Sutras

**Sulva Sutras**

Note: **Sulva Sutra** is the oldest book on **Indian Geometry**.

They are part of the larger corpus of texts called the **Shrauta Sutras**, considered to be appendices to the vedas. They are the only sources of knowledge of Indian Mathematics from the Vedic period.

**The Sulva Sutras** are believed to be written between 600-300 BC. They contained instructions for **making special altars to the Gods**.

**ðŸ”‘**__Key Points__

__Key Points__

**✔**The **four major Sulva Sutras**, which are mathematically the most significant, are those composed by **Baudhayana, Manava, Apastamba and Katyayana.** Out of them the oldest belongs to **Baudhayana** and dates back to 600BC. They discuss the cases of the** Pythagorean Theorem and Pythagorean triples.**

**✔**Their language is late **Vedic Sanskrit**, pointing to a composition roughly during the 1st millennium BCE.

**✔****Baudhayan Sulva Sutra** is today known as the **Pythagoras theorem**, which states that in **a right-angled triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. **

**✔**In **Baudhayan theorem**, this has been expressed as follows: in a **Deerghchatursh (triangle), the chetra (square) of rajju (hypotenuse) is equal to the sum of squares of the parshvamani (base) and triyangmani (perpendicular line). **

**✔****The Baudhayana Shulba(or Sulva) sutra** gives the construction of **geometric shapes **such as squares and rectangles. It also gives, sometimes approximate, **geometric area-preserving transformations from one geometric shape to another**.

**✔** These include transforming a **square into a rectangle**, an **isosceles trapezium, **an **isosceles triangle**, a **rhombus**, and **a circle**, and transforming a **circle into a square.**

*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on Pre-Historic Period of India.

__References__

1.Shulba-Sutras-wikipedia2.Sulba-Sutra-Britannica Online Encyclopedia

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