Which remains excavated in Indus Valley indicates the commercial and economic development?

Previous Year Paper GK Questions and Answers:Seals in Harappan Civilization

    Pre-Historic Period-Question 31

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers in English.31.Out of the following remains excavated in Indus Valley, which one indicates the commercial and economic development?

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History of Pre-Historic Period.

Q31.Out of the following remains excavated in Indus Valley, which one indicates the commercial and economic development?
A. Pottery
B.Houses
C.Seals
D.Boats

Seals

🔑Key Points

Seals indicate the commercial and economic development of Harappan civilization.

Seal: An emblem used as a means of authentication. Seal can refer to an impression in paper, wax, clay, or other medium. It can also refer to the device used.

✔Seals were largely used for trading activities during Harrapan period.

✔They were made of soft rock material like steatite(more commonly known as Soapstone), terracotta and metals like copper.

✔Some seals were found in the Mesopotamian sites with Indus script on them.

>✔Indus Script: Symbols produced by the ancient Indus Valley Civilization.

✔They were used in trade for authentication purposes.

✔Harappans created sculpture, seals, pottery, and jewelry from materials, such as terracotta, metal, and stone.

✔Harappans were thought to have been proficient in seal carving, the cutting of patterns into the bottom face of a seal, and used distinctive seals for the identification of property and to stamp clay on trade goods.

✔Seals have been one of the most commonly discovered artefacts in Indus Valley cities, decorated with animal figures, such as elephants, tigers, and water buffalos.

✔The uniformity of Harappan artefacts is evident in pottery, seals, weights, and bricks with standardized sizes and weights, suggesting some form of authority and governance.

✔In 1912, John Faithfull Fleet, an English civil servant working with the Indian Civil Services, discovered several Harappan seals. This caused an excavation campaign from 1921-1922 by Sir John Hubert Marshall, Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India, which resulted in the discovery of Harappa.

✔Harappan seals and jewellery have been found at archaeological sites in regions of Mesopotamia, which includes most of modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, and parts of Syria.

✔Seals used in the earliest civilizations which have considerable importance in archaeology and art history. In ancient Mesopotamia carved or engraved cylinder seals in stone or other materials were used.

600 distinct Indus symbols have been found on seals, small tablets, ceramic pots, and more than a dozen other materials.

✔Some Indus Valley seals show a swastika symbol, which was included in later Indian religions including Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

✔Many Indus Valley seals also include the forms of animals, with some depicting them being carried in processions, while others showing chimeric creations, leading scholars to speculate about the role of animals in Indus Valley religions.

✔One seal from Mohenjo-Daro shows a half-human, half-buffalo monster attacking a tiger. This give a reference to the Sumerian myth of a monster created by Aruru, the Sumerian earth and fertility goddess, to fight Gilgamesh, the hero of an ancient Mesopotamian epic poem. This is an another evidence of international trade in Harappan culture.



                                                                                                                    

*This Question is a part of previous year paper gk questions on .

References

1.
2.
3.NCERT Text Books

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