Indian History gk questions:Dynasties of Ancient India-Part7

Previous Year Paper ssc Indian History:Dynasties of Ancient India gk Questions with answers-Part7

 

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Dynasties of Ancient India-Part7

Daily Online General Knowledge Quiz:Previous year paper gk questions with answers and explanation in English on Indian History:Dynasties of Ancient India.

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1. In Tamil literature, the glorious books 'Silppadikaram and Manimekhalai' are related to?
A. Jainism
B. Buddhism
C. Hinduism
D. Christianity

Buddhism



Note: Silppadikaram is one of the five great epics according to later Tamil literary tradition. The poet prince Ilango Adigal is credited with this work. Ilango Adigal was a Buddhist monk and silappadhikaram and Manimekalai are Buddhism epics.

Manimekalai, a purely Buddhism work of the third Sangam period in Tamil literature is the most supreme and famous among the Buddhist work done in Tamil.

Manimekalai, also spelled Manimekhalai or Manimekalai, is a Tamil epic composed by Kulavanikan Seethalai Satanar probably around the 6th century.

2. Who were the first kings to issue gold coins in India?
A. Mauryas
B. Indo-Greeks
C. Guptas
D. Kushans

Indo-Greeks



Note: The Indo-Greeks were the first to issue gold coins in India. The name of at least 30 Bactrian kings are known with the help of numerous coins and they help in the reconstruction of the history of the kings. The coins carry legends in Greek and also in Kharoshti and Brahmi.

3. Carving in the famous Ajanta caves was first started during the reign of the?
A. Kadambas
B. Satavahanas
C. Rashtrakutas
D. Marathas

Satavahanas



Note: The earlier phase of Ajanta falls between 3rd century BC to 2nd century BC. In this phase, just five caves were excavated. The region during this time was ruled by the Satavahana dynasty. Therefore, they maybe called as the Satavahana period caves.

4. 'Harshacharita' was written by?
A. Kalidasa
B. Banabhatta
C. Valmiki
D. Vyasa

Banabhatta



Note: The 'Harshacharita' is the biography of emperor Harsha by Banabhatta. He was the 'Asthana Kavi', meaning 'Court Poet', of king Harshavardhana.

The 'Harshacharita' was written in ornate poetic prose and narrates the biography of the emperor Harsha in eight 'ucchvasas' of chapters. In the first two ucchvasas, Bana gives an account of his ancestry and his early life.

5. The official court language of the Guptas was?
A. Pali
B. Prakrit
C. Hindi
D. Sanskrit

Sanskrit



Note: The Sanskrit language was patronised during the Gupta period. It was recognised as the court language and was used in their inscriptions.

Some of the well-known scholars who flourished during this period were Kalidasa, Vishakhadatta, Shudraka, Bharavi, Dandin, Subandhu etc.

6. Which of the following architecture wonders was not constructed in the AD 12th?
A. Sun temple of Konark
B. Temple of Khajuraho
C. Ankorvat
D. Notre dam, the Paris

Sun temple of Konark



Note: Sun temple of Konark (Odisha) is a 13th century temple. This temple is an example of Odishan architecture of Ganga dynasty. The temple is one of the most renowned temples in India and is a World Heritage Site.

7. Where is Brihadeshwara temple situated?
A. Kanchi
B. Madurai
C. Shri Shailam
D. Tanjore

Tanjore



Note: The Brihadeshwara temple situated at Tanjore is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is a tribute and a reflection of the power of its patron Raja Raja Chola I. It remains India's largest temple and is one of the greatest glories of Indian architecture.

The temple is part of the UNESCO world Heritage Site known as 'Great Living Chola Temples' along with the Chola dynasty era Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple and Airavatesvara temple.

8. Which among the following is the oldest dynasty?
A. Maurya
B. Gupta
C. Kushan
D. Kanva

Maurya



Note: The Maurya empire was a geographically extensive Iron age historical power in ancient India, ruled by the Mauryan dynasty from 321 to 185 BC. The empire had its capital city at Pataliputra. The empire was founded in 322 BC by Chandragupta Maurya.

The Gupta empire was an ancient Indian empire which existed from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian sub continent.

The Kushan empire was originally formed in the early AD 1st century under Kujula Kadphises in the territories of ancient Bactria and later based near Kabul. The Kanva dynasty was a Brahman dynasty founded by Vasudeva Kanva, the minister of Devabhuti, the last Sunga king.

9. The third Buddhist Council was patronised by?
A. Kanishka
B. Ashoka
C. Mahakashyap Upali
D. Sabakami

Ashoka



Note: The third Buddhist Council was convened in Pataliputra under the patronage of emperor Ashoka. It was presided over by the Moggaliputta Tissa and 1000 monks participated in the council. The council is recognised and known to both the Theravada and Mahayana schools.

10. Who among the following foreigners was the first to visit India?
A. Hiuen Tsang
B. Megasthenese
C. I-Tsing
D. Fa-Hein

Megasthenese



Note: Megasthenese was a Greek author of the work Indica. He became an ambassador of Seleucus I. Scholars place it before 298 BC, the date of Chandragupta 's death. Hiuen Tsang came during the reign of Harshavardhana, while I-Tsing and Fa-Hien came during the Gupta times.

11. Who built Brihadeshwara Temple at Tanjore?
A. Aditya Chola
B. Raja Raja Chola
C. Rajendra Chola
D. Karikala Chola

Raja Raja Chola



Note: The famous Chola temple built at Tanjore is known as the Brihadeshwara temple. It is also called the Rajarajeshwara temple after the name of king Raja Raja, who built it in honour of Lord Shiva in about AD 1009. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.

12. The Gandhara style of sculpture, during the Kushan period is a combination of?
A. Indo-Islamic style
B. Indo-Persian style
C. Indo-China style
D. Indo-Greek style

Indo-Greek style



Note: Gandhara sculpture was an amalgamation of Indo-Greek styles. The distinguishing Gandhara sculpture is the standing or seated Buddha. The western classical factor rests in the style, in the handling of the robe, and in the physiognomy of Buddha. The claok, which covers all, but the appendages is dealt like in Greek and Roman sculptures.

13. The Kailashnath temple at Ellora was constructed by the?
A. Kadambas
B. Rashtrakutas
C. Cholas
D. Cheras

Rashtrakutas



Note: Kailashnath temple, is a famous temple, one of the 34 monasteries and temples, known collectively as the Ellora caves. It was built in the 8th century by the Rashtrakuta king Krishna I.

14. Who amidst the following was a wife of emperor Ashoka who influenced him?
A. Chandalika
B. Charulata
C. Gautami
D. Karuwaki

Karuwaki


Note: Maharani Karuwaki was empress consort of the Maurya empire as the first wife of Ashoka.( some books say she is the third wife of Ashoka)

It is said that she led an army of females against Ashoka in Kalinga, after Kalinga had no males left to defend it.

15. Alexander and the army of Porus camped on the opposite banks of which river?
A. Ravi
B. Jhelum
C. Sutlej
D. Chenab

Jhelum



Note: The battle of Hydaspes river was fought by Alexander, the great in 326 BC against king Porus on the great banks of Hydaspes river (Jhelum river) in the Punjab.

The battle resulted in a complete Macedonian victory and the annexation of the Punjab.


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